Psychological peculiarities of critical thinking attitude

Громова, Наталія Михайлівна (2015) Psychological peculiarities of critical thinking attitude Актуальні проблеми психології: Збірник наукових праць Інституту психології імені Г.С. Костюка НАПН України. pp. 79-88. ISSN 2072-4772

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Abstract

The article deals with the problem of forming students’ critical thinking attitude. Ukrainian and foreign researchers’ works concerning critical thinking are analyzed and essential features of critical thinking are described. Reflexivity, independence, self-discipline, tolerance, self-criticism are considered to be important characteristics of a critical person. Problem situation and doubt are defined as grounds for critical thinking. The main reasons of a person’s insufficient level of critical thinking are found. They are functional rigidness, stereotypes and attitudes. It is believed that thinking rigidness is caused by a customary way of seeing and using things that prevents from seeing their unusual application. General educational level of a person and his possession of special skills or knowledge are considered to be crucial in critical thinking development. It is proved that social stereotypes lead to conformism and form associations that has a negative effect on critical thinking independence development. Experiments by Ukrainian and foreign scientists show that critical thinking attitudes are based on social norms, traditions, a person’s educational level, dispositions and values. Factors which precondition forming critical thinking attitudes are analyzed and the most significant ones are established. These are introduction of a problem solving method, tolerance and dialogical relationships in communication, providing students with all necessary methods and operations for their critical thinking development. Further research in students’ critical thinking development is found relevant and important for educational process optimization.

Item Type: Article
Uncontrolled Keywords: critical thinking; controversial situation; thinking rigidness; attitude; problem solving method; tolerance; dialogical features
Subjects: Articles in journals > Фахові (входять до переліку фахових, затверджений МОН)
Divisions: Institutes > Humanitarian Institute > Chair of the English Language
Depositing User: Наталія Михайлівна Громова
Date Deposited: 23 Feb 2016 12:54
Last Modified: 23 Feb 2016 12:54
URI: http://elibrary.kubg.edu.ua/id/eprint/13937

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