Mykhailo Hrushevskyi and Oleksa Novytskyi’s participation in formation of ukrainian intelligent networks

Бонь, Олександр Іванович (2016) Mykhailo Hrushevskyi and Oleksa Novytskyi’s participation in formation of ukrainian intelligent networks Київські історичні студії (2). pp. 27-33. ISSN 2524-2749


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The Ukrainians public and scientifi c life in the early 20th century, despite the constant pressure of the Russian Empire, was various enough. This is due to the interpersonal relations between Ukrainian scientists on both sides of  the Russian-Austrian border. Among those who formed such intelligent networks and cultural field were future academicians of NAS of Ukraine, Hrushevskyi and Oleksa Novitskyi. The source for the studying of their relationship is the  correspondence, which is kept in  the family archives of  the Hrushevskyis in  the Central State Historical Archive in Kyiv. Intelligent Networks are investigated using the  following structure: ideology, organization, interpersonal contacts. Oleksa Novytskyi and Mykhailo Hrushevsky’s correspondence made it possible to activate the search and subsequent exhibition of  Taras Shevchenko art works. In the  orbit of  this network the  researchers of  Shevchenko Scientifi c Society, the  Ukrainians in  Moscow and St. Petersburg, collectors were included. This made it  possible to  Oleksa Novytskyi to  conduct Shevchenko exhibition in  Moscow, to  publish the  fi rst monograph on  the poet’s artistic legacy “Taras Shevchenko as  a  painter.” Mykola Biliashivskyi, Mykhailo Hrushevskyi, Ahatanhel Krymskyi and other famous scientists helped Oleksa Novytskyi to collect the materials about Shevchenko. The collector K. Tsvitkovskyi in  1860 handed a  copy of  “Kobzar” with  handwritten Shevchenko corrections that were not included in the editions of 1907 and 1908s. Oleksa Novytskyi has repeatedly collaborated with  Mykhailo Hrushevskyi within scientifi c societies. Oleksa Novytskyi published their researches in  journals of  Shevchenko Scientifi c Society, with  the  assistance of  Mykhailo Hrushevskyi. The two scientists also worked within the  Ukrainian Scientifi c Society that was established by Hrushevskyi in Kyiv. Oleksa Novytskyi was elected as a member of both academic institutions for his contribution to Ukrainian science. The article noted that Mykhailo Hrushevskyi invited Oleksa Novytskyi to cooperate in the journal “Ukraine”. An important consequence of  the work of  the Ukrainian scientist’s network and public offi cials was the intensifi cation of Ukrainian community in Moscow and St. Petersburg. Oleksa Novytskyi participated in the creation of the Society of Slavic Culture in Moscow. However, the Ukrainian section of the Company was not active. Although there were such signifi cant fi gures as K. Tsvitkovskyi, B. Kistiakivskyi, V. Vernadskyi, A. Krumskyi and M. Yanchuk. F. Korch, and Oleksa Novytskyi corresponded actively with  Hrushevskyi about it. Oleksa Novytskyi’s subsection, organized with his eff orts, included scientifi c academician F. Korsch, B. Kistiakivskyi, M. Yanchuk, S. Khvostov, M. Filianskyi, O. Salikovskyi, S. Petliura. Organized eff orts informed M. Hrushevskyi and M. Bilyashivskyi about these events. Oleksa Novytskyi was chosen as the head of subsection and S. Petliura was chosen as  its secretary. However, due to  the workload of  scientifi c and social work of  members of  the subsection, it could not expand their activity. Another structure of the Ukrainian community in Moscow, created by using active intelligence ties of Oleksa Novytskyi’s and other figures, was the circle “Kobzar”. Society managed to get permission in Moscow to stage the opera “Zaporozhets beyond the Danube” on the stage of the Bolshoi Theater for the first time. A good project that joined the forces of the Ukrainians in Moscow, Kyiv, Lviv, St. Petersburg was a monthly journal “Ukrainian Life”. Here Oleksa Novytskyi worked with Mykhailo Hrushevskyi. The decision of the publishing of the journal in Russian was adopted in October 1911 at the meeting of the Ukrainian section of the Society of Slavic culture. Therefore, Mykhailo Hrushevskyi and Oleksa Novytskyi cooperation in the early 20th century led to the expanding of Ukrainian intelligent networks and strengthening of the Ukrainian national identity. In the orbit of these networks Ukrainian scientists in Lviv, Kyiv, Moscow and St. Petersburg and collectors were included. It allowed fi nding and publishing a signifi cant number of works of Kobzar, to hold Shevchenko exhibitions in Russia and to publish a signifi cant number of Ukrainian studies. An important result of cooperation of Ukrainian scientists became the intensifi cation of Ukrainian public activities in Moscow.

Item Type: Article
Uncontrolled Keywords: intelligent network; M.  Hrushevskyi; O.  Novytskyi; correspondence; public organizations; Shevchenko studies.
Subjects: Articles in journals > Наукові (входять до інших наукометричних баз, крім перерахованих, мають ISSN, DOI, індекс цитування)
Divisions: Факультети > Історико-філософський факультет > Кафедра історії України
Depositing User: Тамара Ростовцева
Date Deposited: 11 Jan 2017 09:08
Last Modified: 27 Nov 2020 09:36

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