English verbs of volitional action: experience of preliminary analysis

Тугай, Олександра Миколаївна (2017) English verbs of volitional action: experience of preliminary analysis Studia Philologica (Філологічні студії) : зб. наук. пр. (8). pp. 29-35. ISSN 2311-2425

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Abstract

The given article deals with the  notion of  volition as  a  linguistic category in  contemporary English on  the  basis of  preliminary analysis experience. We  define the  categories of  “will” and “volition” in  linguistic area in  regard to  psychological and philosophical studies. The  paper discusses the  phenomenon of  “will” and the  associated categories such as “desire”, “conscience”, “freedom”, “obligation”, “choice”, “decision”. The article identifies the stages of the will deployment: motive, orientation/direction, making a choice, application of efforts, action implementation. We define volition as independent modal meaning which correlates with the semantic space encompassing modal meanings of possibility, necessity, and desirability. We distinguish constitutive features of volition such as 1) presence of  will as  inherency of  a person’s ability to  manifest activity, 2) volition as  implementation of  an action directed to the definit object, 3) performativity as reality alteration owing to action implementation, 4) graduation as internal quality of volition, 5) availability of heterogeneous components of will that are defined as separate concepts. The paper characterizes semantic features of English verbs with the meaning of volition; analyzes semantics of modern English verbs thus differentiating their denoting the will of a speaker in the aspect of willingness and voluntariness. The article highlights a number of verbs containing the semantic feature of will in their semantics as they enter constructions with the  infinitive (ache, agree, aim, aspire, attempt, authorize, bring, choose, condescend, dare, deign, demand, designate, desire, determine, endeavor, force, hesitate, intend, itch, long, mean, offer, pine, pressurize, reckon, stand, strive, tend, try, volunteer, want, wish). The  paper provides a  scale of  gradual variation of  willingness with strong negative volition, strong positive volition and “null volition” in the center.

Item Type: Article
Uncontrolled Keywords: notion and definition of  volition; categories “will” and “volition”; phenomenon of  will; constitutive features of volition; modal significance of volition; semantics of the verbs of will; seme “will”;
Subjects: Articles in journals > Фахові (входять до переліку фахових, затверджений МОН)
Divisions: Institutes > Інститут філології > Кафедра германської філології
Depositing User: Валерій Смуров
Date Deposited: 04 Jul 2017 11:48
Last Modified: 04 Jul 2017 11:48
URI: http://elibrary.kubg.edu.ua/id/eprint/19866

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