The Representation of the Mythological Ethnocode of Culture in Ukrainian Phraseology

Чибор, Ірина Степанівна (2016) The Representation of the Mythological Ethnocode of Culture in Ukrainian Phraseology PhD thesis, Чернівецький національний університет імені Юрія Федьковича.

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Abstract

Thesis for a Candidate Degree in Philology. Speciality 10.02.01 – Ukrainian Language. – Yuriy Fed’kovych Chernivtsi National University, Ministry of Education and Science of Ukraine, Chernivtsi, 2016. The thesis is dedicated to the analysis of the features of mythological ethnocode of culture representation in Ukrainian phraseology. Special attention is paid to the definition of a key term of the research: the code of culture, the ethnocode of culture, the mythological ethnocode of culture, the intercode transition. The study specifies the structure of the mythological ethnocode of culture owing to the distinction of the central (ideas of Slavic gods, demonic and half-demonic beings) and peripheral (a combination of mythological and Christian ideas, a concept of animism of natural forces and phenomena, a mythological interpretation of time periods, space, etc.) parts. The ethno-linguistic analysis of Ukrainian phraseology, stipulated by Slavic mythology, is performed on the material of folk and lexicographical sources of the XVIII – XXI centuries. Encoded elements of mythological worldview are associated primarily with demonological (nature spirits, evil spirits, demons of assignation, generalized image of evil spirits, illnesses animization, folk demonological images) and half-demonological (a witch, a vampire, a werewolf) notions; a notion of Slavic gods (Perun, Veles, Troyan, Svaroh, Chornoboh) is represented less. In Ukrainian ethnic culture demonological notions continue to evolve. As a result, this phraseological composition is enriched by new units. The process of demythologization of ideas, which results in changes in the semantics of phraseological units, also takes place. Anthropocentrism is characteristic of the phraseology of the Ukrainian language. It is stipulated by the mythological ethnocode of culture. Phraseological units mostly encode such human knowledge achievements as typical outer signs of demonic creatures; the phenomenon of extra-linguistic reality constituting potential danger to a human. In most cases, phraseology encodes the processes and phenomena of extra-linguistic reality which do not meet the established standards. Periphery of the mythological ethnocode of culture in Ukrainian phraseology is represented by intercode transitions. Their appearance is caused by the change of the ideological paradigm and the demythologization of ideas. The mythological-Christian intercode transition characterizes the symbiosis of primitive mythological and Christian ideas, especially of evil spirits, as well as soul and its origin. The mythological-natural intercode transition is represented by inspiration of nature with elements of deification of heavenly bodies (sun, moon), natural elements (earth, water, fire) and atmospheric conditions (wind, thunder, frost). The peculiarity of representation of the mythological-temporal intercode transition in phraseological units, reflecting the idea of time, is the realization of the opposition "good / bad (evil)". It assigns time periods with the attributes peculiar for demonic beings, personification of days of the week, ancestor worship. The mythological-spatial intercode transition is represented in phraseology by comparison "this / other world" that correlates with the opposition "light / dark", "life / death". The dialectal phraseology of the Ukrainian language, stipulated by the mythological ethnocode of culture, encodes ideas specific for a certain area. In the patois of the southwestern dialect phraseological units euphemisms referring to the devil are widely spread. Phraseology of southeastern dialects encodes modern mythological ideas of the mine spirit. Phraseological units where the detailed appearance of demonic creatures is represented are peculiar to the Polissia dialects, which indicates the implanting of archaic mythological ideas in the minds of their carriers. Dialectal phraseological units motivated by the Slavic mythology mostly differ in lexical content. However, the content, meaning, vision of mythical creatures or situation are similar indicating representation of the all-Ukrainian space of ethnic culture in phraseology. The established basis of ethnocultural origin of phraseological units under study has revealed their etymological specification.

Item Type: Thesis (PhD)
Uncontrolled Keywords: code of culture; ethnocode of culture; mythological ethnocode of culture; intercode transition; phraseology; phraseological unit;
Subjects: Abstracts > Спецради у інших ВНЗ
Divisions: Institutes > Інститут філології > Кафедра української літератури і компаративістики
Depositing User: Валерій Смуров
Date Deposited: 15 Sep 2017 08:22
Last Modified: 15 Sep 2017 11:39
URI: http://elibrary.kubg.edu.ua/id/eprint/20129

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