Development of Old Ukrainian phonetic system on the basis of conventional spelling of the XVI – XVIII centuries (hagiographic monument of literature)

Видайчук, Тетяна Леонідівна (2004) Development of Old Ukrainian phonetic system on the basis of conventional spelling of the XVI – XVIII centuries (hagiographic monument of literature) PhD thesis, Національна академія наук України.

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Abstract

Dissertation for the degree of Candidate in Philology; specialty 10.02.01 – Ukrainian language. – O.O.Potebnja Institute of Linguistics in NAS of Ukraine, Kyiv, 2004. The dissertation deals with the problems of Old Ukrainian phonetic system development in XVI – XVIII centuries, to wit vowel and consonant systems and their graphic and orthographic representation in hagiographic monuments. The language of these manuscripts is bookish. Comparative analysis of both types of manuscripts – hagiographic and official documents which are structurally and typologically of folk type – is to determine gradual changes in Old Ukrainian phonetic system and formation the basis sound system of national literary language. It is for the first time that manuscript collections of hagiographic and official documents are the object of scientific analysis. And namely they serve as the material for this dissertation. The work gives a complex and system analysis of the history of Cyrillic script and its adaptation to Old Ukrainian sound-system through numerous changes in spelling which in the middle of the XIV century resulted in uniform orthographic usage. At the end of XIV – in XV centuries the standardization in spelling was stipulated by interaction of both orthographic system – Old Ukrainian and South Slavonic; and in XVI – XVII centuries by works in grammar and lexicography. Later on it was specified “grazhdanka” – a simplified variant of Cyrillic script. The investigation was provided in both directions – from the letter to understanding of the sound. The vocal system development and its written representation by means of conventional Cyrillic script was analysed on the vast material of hagiographic works. Special attention was given to: phonetic and graphic modification of h, peculiarities of sound [и] formation and spelling, and that of etymologic [і]; reflex [o] and [e] to [і]; turning [e] into [o] after lax consonants; the order of a number of letters usage for denoting such sounds as [a], [o], [y]. there were analysed the linguistic phenomena, typical of correlation between literary language and live speech. While analysing the consonant system, there has been selected such phonetic features in spelling formation nature: graphic representation of sound [g], [h] and [ф], lax and hard consonants, assimilation, dissimilation, prefixal consonants. The material studied proves that the phonetic system of the Ukrainian language of the end of XVI century – XVIII century is are fully development one. The orthographic system at that time was not yet development enough to permit the penetration of the phonetic spoken influence into the language of literature. Sufficiently traditional spelling in hagiographic sources reveals three tendencies: etymologically proper (conventional) application of letters, unconventional one but very close to live speech, and violation of traditions tending to bookish sources. Predominance of conventional spelling, as stated by statistical data of the XVI – XVIII centuries, in hagiographic texts happens wits [h], [o] and [e] in closed syllables, [e] after hushing consonants and [j]. Distortion of traditions towards the bookish sources is net in cases when letter h is changed for letters e or #, at lack consonant gemination in [j] assimilation, in marking the hardness of consonants in -ськ- suffix, in the inflectional ending of the verb in 3rd person singular and plural present and future tenses. In XVIII century the tendencies change: more often the spelling tends to live speech; the clerks use letters и (і) instead of h, write letter o after the hushing consonants, letter і instead of o and e, symbolize hardness of hushing and bask consonants. In was the clerks’ writing of XVI – XVIII centuries that laid down the foundation of the phonetic spelling of future Ukrainian language.

Item Type: Thesis (PhD)
Uncontrolled Keywords: consonantism, Cyrillic script, historical phonology, letter, manuscript, norm, Old Ukrainian literary language, phonology system, second half of XVI – XVIII centuries, sound, vocalism
Subjects: Abstracts > Спецради у інших ВНЗ
Divisions: Institutes > Humanitarian Institute > Chair of the Ukrainian Language
Depositing User: Тетяна Леонідівна Видайчук
Date Deposited: 20 Sep 2013 07:49
Last Modified: 26 Nov 2015 09:02
URI: http://elibrary.kubg.edu.ua/id/eprint/2128

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