Phase category in the actant functionality system

Лахно, Наталія Валентинівна (2017) Phase category in the actant functionality system Вісник Дніпропетровського університету імені Альфреда Нобеля. Серія «Філологічні науки» (2(14)). pp. 196-204. ISSN 2222-551X

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Abstract

The article continues the cycle of author’s publications devoted to the analysis of the functional-semantic category of actant distribution of verb’s semantics. This article defines the essence of concept ‘actant division of semantics’. We analysed some functions of adverbial nominal actants stipulated by phase verbal semantics. Different approaches to the interpretation of phase category are considered. The linguistic expression of the phase nature of the process is associated with the specifics and resources of the species category. The linguistic expression of the process’phase nature is associated with the specifics and resources of the species category. The actants generative function is primarily due to the initial phase of the process, the formed quality of the subject, which determines its activity; this function is conditioned by the absolute completion, and instantaneous or repetitive action. The actants cumulative function is related to the relative result of sign’ accumulation or the acquisition of a status that enables it to be generated. It is emphasized on the relative nature of the phase: the verb (lexical-semantic variant) may be in polar positions on the scale of the ʻphase referenceʼ. Phase opposition is the basis for modeling phase cycles. Cycle involves the process of distribution at the stage, which is called the beginning, the continuation of the process and its completeness. The features of the interaction of phase characteristics of the verb with the context are determined. This study shows the most often the adjustment of the phase constant is associated with the sems processes of actualization of redemption, induction, support or modification of the sem. The main types of grammatical polysemy and homonymy of two-verb verbs, verbs of imperfect and proven species, which are based on phase characteristics are analyzed. The emphasis is on the features of the explication of verbal morphemes of the phase characteristics of the verb. Non-effective prefixes (their semantics is oriented mainly on the characterization of the subject-executor of action, with the value of the beginning of action, the time constraints and the one-time expression) correlate with the actants’ generative function. Derivatives with effective prefixes and reverse verbs with a hybrid function of the subject are associated with the final phase of the process.

Item Type: Article
Uncontrolled Keywords: phase; the phasality; specific contrasting; category of kind; actant division of semantics; generative function; accumulative function; hybrid function; actant-dilator
Subjects: Articles in journals > Фахові (входять до переліку фахових, затверджений МОН)
Divisions: Institutes > Humanitarian Institute > Chair of the Ukrainian Language
Depositing User: доцент Н.В. Лахно
Date Deposited: 21 Dec 2017 12:45
Last Modified: 21 Dec 2017 12:45
URI: http://elibrary.kubg.edu.ua/id/eprint/21325

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