GIrls from the Dnieper Ukraine of the modern age: higher education as a component of life trajectory

Драч, Оксана Олександрівна (2017) GIrls from the Dnieper Ukraine of the modern age: higher education as a component of life trajectory Гуржіївські історичні читання (12). pp. 84-89. ISSN 978-966-920-241-3

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Abstract

Introduction. Issues, related to the history of women and female education are constantly studied by Ukrainian and foreign researchers. Priority of social functions of the woman-mother and her role in the renewed Ukrainian society incite to rethink the experience of solving the problems of female education and upbringing. Purpose. The goal of the article is to find out the motivational factors of girls from the Dnieper Ukraine for higher education in the modern times (second half of the 19th – early 20th centuries). The main attention is given to reconstruction of everyday atmosphere, as well as moral and psychological state of young ladies, who decided to obtain higher education. Results. Teaching as a traditional sphere of female labour in the conditions of renewal of the education system required from the applicants to deep there knowledge seriously. Gymnasiums and institutes had insufficient educational level for a female teacher. As a result, young ladies strove for university education. The result was the permission of the authorities to open higher female courses in Moscow, Kazan, St. Petersburg, and Kyiv. New views and orientations were disseminated, actively defended and established, becoming elements of a new mentality that met requirements of a dynamic society, where solving life-problems was displaced from family or basic structures to the individual. Young women became bearers of a new worldview. Girls did not just choose higher education as their further life stage, but also independently determined their own profession and educational institution, where they wanted to study. They had the motive for higher education, sought for self-development, and wanted to know the surrounding reality after graduation from high school. The most difficulties girls had in obtaining medical specialty. Conclusion. Highly qualified work acquired independent value in the modern age. Personal involvement in it was defined as a pledge of its effectiveness; individual freedom and public action vector were considered prerequisites for successful work. A lot of young women, who purposefully obtained higher education at higher female courses, developed self-awareness based on professional qualifications and social responsibility.

Item Type: Article
Uncontrolled Keywords: girls; female higher education; women’s higher education courses; modern age
Subjects: Articles in journals > Збірники наукових праць
Divisions: Institutes > Institute of Society > Chair of World History
Depositing User: професор Оксана Олександрівна Драч
Date Deposited: 01 Feb 2018 11:40
Last Modified: 05 Feb 2018 08:03
URI: http://elibrary.kubg.edu.ua/id/eprint/23254

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