The camp of interned troops of the Ukrainian People's Republic in Pikulichy, Poland (January-February 1921): conditions of stay and the moral condition of the war

Срібняк, Ігор Володимирович (2017) The camp of interned troops of the Ukrainian People's Republic in Pikulichy, Poland (January-February 1921): conditions of stay and the moral condition of the war Київські історичні студії (2(5)). pp. 18-24. ISSN 2524-2749

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Abstract

The article analyzes the conditions of stay and the moral condition of the interned Ukrainian battleship in the camp of Pіkulicе (Poland). It is proved that the life of Ukrainian soldiers was marked by considerable difficulties, which was caused by overcrowding of the camp, lack of firewood for heating huts, inefficient work of sanitary facilities, extremely poor food and other restrictions. All this led to a significant increase in the incidence rate in the camp, but thanks to well-established medical care, the spread of infectious diseases managed to quickly localize. But all this in a complex led to the demoralization of those Ukrainian soldiers who did not have stable national-state convictions. In these conditions, the efforts of senior military commanders and employees of cultural and educational departments to strengthen the morale of interned persons became of great importance. For this purpose, the camp organized a general and special presentation, with the Cossacks the process of elimination of illiteracy and illiteracy was initiated. The same purpose was the opening of the library and reading room for 50-60 people. The publications of the publishing section in the camp continued the publishing of the literary and scientific periodical «Zaporozhets», and the zealous satirical magazine was distributed in the elderly barracks. For all those in the camp for warfare, conditions were created for playing sports and various collective games. During the time free from service, campers attended the theater, in which events by actors-amateurs were preparing performances of plays by Ukrainian playwrights. The interned and the Ukrainian song have been joined by amateur band choirs.

Item Type: Article
Additional Information: Дану статтю підготовлено завдяки сприянню Студіуму Східної Європи (Studium Europy Wschodniej) Варшавського університету, за ініціативи якого 2014 р. була започаткована щорічна Нагорода імені Івана Виговського (під почесним патронатом Президента Польщі), що вручається рішенням її Капітули з числа делегатів від 25 університетів та вищих шкіл Польщі.
Uncontrolled Keywords: Сamp; interned; nutrition; hospital; UРR Army; Pikulici.
Subjects: Статті у наукометричних базах > Index Copernicus
Articles in journals > Фахові (входять до переліку фахових, затверджений МОН)
Divisions: Факультети > Історико-філософський факультет > Кафедра всесвітньої історії
Depositing User: професор Ігор Володимирович Срібняк
Date Deposited: 03 Apr 2018 05:32
Last Modified: 12 Dec 2018 13:51
URI: http://elibrary.kubg.edu.ua/id/eprint/23640

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