The chronicle of the life of interned soldiers-Ukrainians in the camp of Kalisz, Poland (1922)

Срібняк, Ігор Володимирович (2017) The chronicle of the life of interned soldiers-Ukrainians in the camp of Kalisz, Poland (1922) Сумська старовина (LI). pp. 25-34. ISSN 2311-5408

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Abstract

The concentration of Ukrainian soldiers in the Kalisz camp began in December 1920, during 1921 here there were two full-fledged divisions of the Army of the Ukrainian People's Republic (in a quantitative composition of more than three thousand people, including about 100 women and children). While retaining its structure and headquarters, these divisions were consolidated into one group of interned UPR troops. The camp had all necessary infrastructures, which allowed to properly organizing the lives and lives of the interned, while adhering to the military background. The camp continued to replenish all the time, but the number of its "inhabitants" was steadily decreasing in connection with the desertion of part of the camp, dismissal from the camp by the decision of the Polish authorities, departure to study and employment of certain categories of soldiers within Poland. At the beginning of 1922, interned units of the UPR Army in Kalisz, due to the economic crisis in Poland were in an extremely difficult position as a result of almost complete cessation of funding. This led to the fact that almost all areas of the activity of interned Ukrainian armies in the camps were temporarily paralyzed. With a few exceptions, almost all military schools and colleges have ceased their work for some time. The moral condition of the Ukrainian part of the war was at a low level, because food was not always at the proper level, and part of the war was lacking in clothing and footwear. Nevertheless, the majority of the interned was ready to continue to withstand the disadvantages of the camp's existence, sincerely believing in the ideals of the Ukrainian People's Republic. In the summer of 1922, the situation of the interned improved in connection with the assignment of a significant part of them to perform various jobs within the working teams. For this, interns received daily cash rewards, which allowed them to save or spend to buy the most necessary things, as well as improve your nutrition. The command of the Army of the UPR took steps to ensure that the departure of the interned from the camp for work did not lead to the loss of ties between the workers' units and the headquarters of the units, who were left in the camp. At this time, a powerful consolidating factor was the camp press, which, in addition to uniting belligerence around the idea of restoration of the UNR, also met their information needs. With the approach of the fall, the need for workers was gradually diminishing, and the interned again were in a difficult position. Against them, the sad prospect of hibernating in the barracks that were not fit for this purpose arose again. Although, in connection with the significant decrease in the number of interned in the camps of the huts there was no shortage for them, their heating (especially in severe frosts) remains one of the most urgent problems of the campers. But this did not shake their commitment to the idea of restoration of the UPR. The camp itself remained one of the largest places of the accumulation of Ukrainian warfare, who in their overwhelming majority consistently advocated national liberation slogans, and were ready to continue the fight against red Russia.

Item Type: Article
Additional Information: Дану статтю було підготовлено завдяки сприянню Студіуму Східної Європи (Studium Europy Wschodniej) Варшавського університету, за ініціативи якого 2014 р. була започаткована щорічна Нагорода імені Івана Виговського (під почесним патронатом Президента Польщі), що вручається рішенням її Капітули з числа делегатів від 25 університетів та вищих шкіл Польщi.
Uncontrolled Keywords: Сamp; interned; officers; soldiers-Ukrainians; press; Kalisz; Poland.
Subjects: Статті у наукометричних базах > Index Copernicus
Articles in journals > Фахові (входять до переліку фахових, затверджений МОН)
Divisions: Факультети > Історико-філософський факультет > Кафедра всесвітньої історії
Depositing User: професор Ігор Володимирович Срібняк
Date Deposited: 14 May 2018 06:04
Last Modified: 14 May 2018 06:04
URI: http://elibrary.kubg.edu.ua/id/eprint/23856

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