«We carry a cross... in a thorn wreath of spiny wires...» (interned Ukrainian soldiers in Stshalkovo camp, Poland in 1922-1923)

Срібняк, Ігор Володимирович (2018) «We carry a cross... in a thorn wreath of spiny wires...» (interned Ukrainian soldiers in Stshalkovo camp, Poland in 1922-1923) Київські історичні студії (1(6)). pp. 33-43. ISSN 2524-0749; 2524-0757

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Abstract

The article analyzes the moral condition and conditions of the interned Ukrainian soldiers in Stshalkovo (Poland) camp in the second half of 1922-1923. Based on the use of a wide range of archival sources, the author concluded that, that the camp of everyday war was marked by considerable difficulties. Absence of any material resources, not always sufficient and high-quality food, lack of fuel for the heating of the huts, led to the fact that a part of the Ukrainian soldiers lost national moral values. To prevent the demoralization of Ukrainian warfare, the command of the group tried to intensify the cultural and educational work in the camp, but this did not always lead to positive results. Some of the interned did not withstand the burden of a hideous and burdensome camp expulsion, and left the camp in search of better living conditions. The most dangerous for the Interned was the scheduled activity of the Bolshevik agents, what prompted the announcement of amnesty to participants of anti-Soviet formations and the appearance of Soviet diplomats in camps. The command of the interned Army of the Ukrainian People's Republic tried in various ways to minimize the consequences of the demoralization of the part of the war; however, some of the interned people were still tempted by the promises of the Bolsheviks and returned to Soviet Ukraine. For those who stayed in the camp, production workshops were created, which continued their activities after the abolition of the camp (in them a rather large group of ex-interned continued to work in a civilian position).

Item Type: Article
Additional Information: Дану статтю було підготовлено завдяки сприянню Студіуму Східної Європи (Studium Europy Wschodniej) Варшавського університету, за ініціативи якого 2014 р. була започаткована щорічна Нагорода імені Івана Виговського (під почесним патронатом Президента Польщі), що вручається рішенням її Капітули з числа делегатів від 25 університетів та вищих шкіл Польщі.
Uncontrolled Keywords: interned; cam; officers, Sthalkovo; amnesty; repatriation; Ukrainians; Poland.
Subjects: Статті у наукометричних базах > Index Copernicus
Articles in journals > Фахові (входять до переліку фахових, затверджений МОН)
Divisions: Факультети > Історико-філософський факультет > Кафедра всесвітньої історії
Depositing User: професор Ігор Володимирович Срібняк
Date Deposited: 10 Oct 2018 06:35
Last Modified: 10 Oct 2018 06:35
URI: http://elibrary.kubg.edu.ua/id/eprint/24394

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