Nominative Space of the “INTELLIGENCE” concept in Ukrainian Linguistic Culture

Саєвич, Ірина Георгіївна and Ключник, Тетяна Олександрівна (2018) Nominative Space of the “INTELLIGENCE” concept in Ukrainian Linguistic Culture Вісник Запорізького національного університету: Збірник наукових праць. Філологічні науки (1). pp. 114-120.

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Abstract

The article contains an attempt of anthropocentric dimension of the INTELLIGENCE concept substantiation and that of clarifying its nominative space. The research has been conducted on the basis of diverse factual material (System – Questionnaire – Text), which approximates it to requirement of psychological relevance. The concept has been reconstructed within its structural constituents – image-perceptive, notional and value ones, the latter being declared the main. The axiological concept of INTELLIGENCE has been defined on the basis of the concept’s representing name high frequency ratio, essential number of idioms and proverbs containing intelligence as its component, pragmatic peculiarities of nomens in literary texts and associative fields of the concept’s representatives; the said concept entering the nucleus of Ukrainian native speakers’ mental lexicon. The greater focus is placed on unreliable reference of intelligence, caused by the object of nomination’s abstract character, its semantic approaching to the names of other constituents of mental activity (mentality, brains, thought, knowledge). The stated lexemes together with cognate units intellection, intelligent, intellectualize are provided with high semantic-functional potential and form the nucleus of the “INTELLIGENCE” nominative space. Relying on the mark of ‘ability / disability for intellectual activity’ the dialectic connection of the INTELLIGENCE and STUPIDITY concepts has been detected. The ‘intelligence – stupidity’ antithesis objectivation has been considered as a criterion of mental and social dimenstions of human being in proverbs to conclude on clearly expressed positive and negative evaluation of the concepts within the following somatic code: head (upper part) as localization of the sphere of intellectual activity – feet (lower part) as localization of stupidity. The analysis of constituents of idioms containing intelligence and intelligent lexemes has been performed to distinguish the number of sememes forming logical space of the concept: 1) mental action; 2) helping (someone’s) mental action; 3) intelligent (human being); 4) stupid (human being); 5) ignorant (human being); 6) loss of ability for mental action. INTELLIGENCE has been defined as a lingual-cultural keynote of Ukrainian sphere of concepts; it is hierarchically subordinate to the concept of HUMAN BEING. It is stated, that in the conscience of Ukrainian linguistic community, the INTELLIGENCE becomes apparent as both weighty indicator of human full-fledged intellectual activity and inalienable criterion of Homo sapiens ontology in general.

Item Type: Article
Uncontrolled Keywords: лінгвокультурний концепт; антропоцентризм; аксіологічна маркованість; оцінність; номінативний простір; концепт РОЗУМ
Subjects: Articles in journals > Фахові (входять до переліку фахових, затверджений МОН)
Divisions: Institutes > Humanitarian Institute > Chair of the Ukrainian Language
Depositing User: Ірина Георгіївна Саєвич
Date Deposited: 22 Dec 2018 07:49
Last Modified: 22 Dec 2018 07:49
URI: http://elibrary.kubg.edu.ua/id/eprint/25748

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