Typology of the structures of the active state of the ancient german languages of different areas

Шапочкіна, Ольга Володимирівна (2019) Typology of the structures of the active state of the ancient german languages of different areas Науковий вісник Херсонського державного університету, 1 (35). pp. 1-129. ISSN 2413-3337

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Abstract

The study of the relationship between the active state and other forms of form (mediopassiv, reflexiv, reciproce) in the state status paradigm is a topical issue.The main task of scientific intelligence was to investigate the level of pre-category structures of structures, since in the ancient German period, complete voice structures such as these did not exist. That is why the author of the article adapted the definition of a pre-categorical design of a class – a design that became the basis for the emergence of a class construction and has in its structure shades of blurred categorical content. Purpose. The aim was to outline the typology of the active structures of the ancient Germanic languages of the Gothic-Scandinavian and West Germanic areas. The method of a continuous sample identifies common and distinctive features in the typology of the voice category on the example of active structures and it was discovered whether a full-fledged opposition to the paradigm of the category of the voice of the Old Germanic languages took place. Results and Conclusions. Exploring the pre-category structures of the active voice of the Old Germanic languages, their distinctive and common features, we voice that the main general tendency is that all the old Germanic languages we studied had a fairly branched paradigm of active voice: however, only in the Gothic language the classical paradigm was symmetrical - it was personified the dual opposition is the "active voice and the mediopassiv"; In the Old English and Old Saxon languages, an asymmetric opposition: an active voice confronted with isolated remnants of the mediopassiv and single syntactic passive constructions; in the Old German language the classical paradigm was composed of an active voice (indicative, command and conditional methods), quite a considerable number of shades of passive voice of pre-categorical constructions were observed, and in the Old-German language the designs with the productive component were marked. In the prospect of further research, we will characterize the typology of the structures of the Old Germanic languages that are in opposition to the active voice.

Item Type: Article
Uncontrolled Keywords: voice category; voice pre-categorical structure; Old Germanic languages; active voice; mediopassiv
Subjects: Articles in journals > Фахові (входять до переліку фахових, затверджений МОН)
Divisions: Institutes > Інститут філології > Кафедра германської філології
Depositing User: доцент Ольга Володимирiвна Шапочкiна
Date Deposited: 20 Nov 2019 07:40
Last Modified: 20 Nov 2019 07:52
URI: http://elibrary.kubg.edu.ua/id/eprint/28859

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