The Impact of Training Efforts of Various Focuses on the Development of the Function of the Visual Memory of Student-Athletes of 17-20 Years Old High Schools of Physical Culture

Хорошуха, Михайло Федорович and Лопатенко, Георгій Олегович and Присяжнюк, Станіслав and Білецька, Вікторія Вікторівна and Тимчик, Олеся Володимирівна and Ясько, Лілія Володимирівна and Лахтадир, Олена Володимирівна and Кожанова, Ольга Сергіївна (2019) The Impact of Training Efforts of Various Focuses on the Development of the Function of the Visual Memory of Student-Athletes of 17-20 Years Old High Schools of Physical Culture International Journal of Applied Exercise Physiology (IJAEP), 8 (3.1.). pp. 225-231. ISSN 2322-3537

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Abstract

The article refers to the “Sports science” section of this magazine. Introduction: It is known that the function of visual memory is an active process in the activities of athletes, and therefore may suffer significant changes. There are also data indicating the fact of the specificity of the influence of training of various focuses on the psychophysiological functions of the organism of adolescent athletes. However, we did not find works that dealt with the problem of studying the impact of training efforts of various focuses on the dynamics of the formation and development of the function of the visual memory of athletes in adolescence. Objective: to investigate the impact of training efforts of various focuses on the development of the function of the visual memory of student-athletes 17–20 years old, specializing in various sports. Research methods: 110 athletes from the Brovarsky Higher School of Physical Culture (Kyiv region), 17- 20 years old, participated in the experiment, which were divided into two experimental groups: group A (n = 56) - speed-strength sports (boxing, wrestling, athletics: sprint, hurdling, jumping, shot put and discus throwing) Group B (n = 54) - endurance sports (skiing, cycling, swimming 200, 400 and 1500 m) and one control group (n = 83) - peers of higher educational institutions who are involved in sports. The research of the individual characteristics of short-term visual memory was performed according to the method “memory for geometric shapes”. When performing this test, the research subject was presented with forms with the image of geometric figures in the amount of 7 pieces. The research subject must remember their location for 30 seconds and then for 45 seconds to reproduce the figures on an empty registration form. The test task was performed twice using similar forms. Statistics methods: the significance of differences between athletes of each group separately (in dynamics), between athletes of different groups (A and B) and between representatives of the experimental and control groups was determined using the Student’s t-test. Results of the research: it was revealed that under the impact of physical efforts of speed-power nature, insignificant changes in the mean values of the function of short-term visual memory are observed, while under the impact of efforts on endurance there is a statistically significant improvement in the dynamics of this function.

Item Type: Article
Uncontrolled Keywords: physical activity; visual memory function; research; athletes; adolescence
Subjects: Статті у наукометричних базах > Index Copernicus
Статті у наукометричних базах > Web of Science
Divisions: Факультети > Факультет здоров’я, фізичного виховання і спорту > Кафедра спорту та фітнесу
Факультети > Факультет здоров’я, фізичного виховання і спорту > Кафедра фізичного виховання і педагогіки спорту
Факультети > Факультет здоров’я, фізичного виховання і спорту > Кафедра фізичної реабілітації та біокінезіології
Факультети > Факультет здоров’я, фізичного виховання і спорту > Кафедра фітнесу та рекреації
Depositing User: Олеся Володимирівна Тимчик
Date Deposited: 20 Nov 2019 12:44
Last Modified: 05 Dec 2019 13:11
URI: http://elibrary.kubg.edu.ua/id/eprint/29080

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