A daily life of the Ukrainian scientific intelligentsia in the first third of the 20th century: historical source discourse

Гедьо, Анна Володимирівна and Калужина, А.О. (2019) A daily life of the Ukrainian scientific intelligentsia in the first third of the 20th century: historical source discourse Вісник Маріупольського державного університету. серія: Історія. Політологія (24). pp. 18-29. ISSN 2518-1521; 2226-2830

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Abstract

In scientific research were analyzed the conditions of everyday life of Ukrainian intelligentsia in the conditions of crisis the imperial orders and their replacement by the Bolsheviks authority. On the basis of sources of forensic documentation and materials of personal origin, is made an attempt to analyze the evolution of relations between the state and representatives of the intellectual sphere in the first third of the XX century, modifications of their social and political status. Comparison of the living conditions of the leading intellectuals in the Russian Empire and the Ukrainian SSR is mainly based on the memoir legacy of the members of the VUAN. Sources of personal origin are very valuable and informative, in particular, because only in letters to close in spirit and ideas colleagues one can find a truly frank statement of thoughts, feel some freedom that scientists hoped to keep in correspondence. The epistolary legacy of scientists allows us to present their attitude to Soviet power and its transformations. Reducing the funding for science, ignoring the results of exhausting work of scientists, poverty, hunger, the complete lack of the right to self-determination, accompanied by constant audits and investigations, were integral part of everyday existence of the scientific elite. Any dissent faced the resistance of punitive and repressive authorities, and opposition led to fraudulent political processes. However, in these conditions, the activities of Ukrainian intellectuals didn’t stop. In spite of the russification policy, they continued to work in favor of their own science and culture and became the main symbols of the modern Ukrainian national identity, paying with their own destinies.

Item Type: Article
Uncontrolled Keywords: everyday life; forensic documentation; correspondence; scientific intelligentsia; VUAN (National Academy of Sciences of Ukraine); Soviet government.
Subjects: Articles in journals > Фахові (входять до переліку фахових, затверджений МОН)
Divisions: Факультети > Історико-філософський факультет > Кафедра історії України
Depositing User: Ірина Борисівна Захарчук
Date Deposited: 13 Dec 2019 09:13
Last Modified: 13 Dec 2019 11:13
URI: http://elibrary.kubg.edu.ua/id/eprint/29966

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