Genesis of a complex complementary sentence: historical aspect

Тугай, Олександра Миколаївна (2019) Genesis of a complex complementary sentence: historical aspect Науковий вісник Дрогобицького державного педагогічного університету імені Івана Франка Серія "Філологічні науки" Мовознавство (12). pp. 225-228. ISSN 2312-6353

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Abstract

The present article highlights origin sources of a complex complementary sentence. The development of finite/infinitive complementation in a complex sentence has been analyzed in the main historical periods, namely in Old English, Middle English and Early Modern English languages. The origin of complex clausal complementation is outlined as genesis of hypotactic relationship of transition from parataxis to hypotaxis. Primarily languages express complex thoughts in the form of parataxis and further on only in their development they obtain the ability to perceive hypotactic ways of communication. Thus, german languages like English and German are those ones which represent sentence complexes paratactically. Hypotaxis is postulated as the type of a sentence which includes not only subordinate sentences with the finite form of a verb but also reduced clauses with predicatives of the non-finite forms (infinitives). Hypotactic means of correlation connection between the main and the complementary sentence have been characterized. Originally in Old English these were ϸæt/þat correlatives in the finite clauses and particle to in the infinitive complementation. Origin factors of subordination as well as the usage of subordination markers in complementary clauses have been investigated. The leading feature of complex sentences emergence is determined as free stringing or imposing of plain sentences with application of hypotactic means of conjuction. The usage of subordination markers is witnessed and fixed in Old English immediately after the main verb. Original syntactic building of complex complementary sentences have been delineated. The last is identified as V-2 type of a sentence with the finite verb in the occurence of the initial component postposition whereas the infinitive could be used in the final location of a sentence. Terminology origin of the infinitive construction with volitional verbs has been specified. The presented structure is postulated as “accusativus cum infinitive” construction with matrix object usage in the accusative case.

Item Type: Article
Uncontrolled Keywords: genesis of complex sentence; hypotactic correlation; original sentence building; complementary clause; accusativus cum infinitivo; V-2 sentence type; Old English; Middle English; Early Modern English.
Subjects: Статті у наукометричних базах > Index Copernicus
Articles in journals > Фахові (входять до переліку фахових, затверджений МОН)
Divisions: Institutes > Humanitarian Institute > Chair of German Philology
Depositing User: викладач Олександра Миколаївна Тугай
Date Deposited: 02 Jan 2020 09:54
Last Modified: 02 Jan 2020 09:54
URI: http://elibrary.kubg.edu.ua/id/eprint/30497

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