Formation of monological abilities in younger pupils at learning grammar

Дубовик, Світлана Григоріївна (2020) Formation of monological abilities in younger pupils at learning grammar Молодий вчений (4(80)). pp. 573-577. ISSN 2304-5809; 2313-2167

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Abstract

The importance of teaching each child in a meaningful, grammatically correct, coherent and consistent way to express his thoughts is described. The most complex form of speech activity is analyzed – coherent speech, which is a detailed presentation of a certain content, the linguistic components of which are organized according to the laws of the logic and grammatical structure of a given language into a single whole. Mastering a monologue is necessary for the degree of speech development of children, because it is precisely when constructing a monologue that their language skills are most evident. The dialogical and monological forms of connected speech are characterized, their differences from each other are highlighted. The characteristic of monologue speech is given – the most complex form of speech activity, which serves to inform purposefully. There is a contradiction between the need to develop monologue speech for younger students and the lack of elaboration of psychological and pedagogical conditions for the implementation of this process. The main features of monologic speech are highlighted: the one ointedness of its character, ease, detail, focus on the listener, the narrowness of the use of non-linguistic possibilities of transmitting information. Monological speech is described as a form of speech addressed to one or a group of listeners (interlocutors), sometimes to oneself; active type of speech activity, designed for perception. The monologue is the most complex form of language, which serves for the purposeful transmission of information. It is noted that for the successful development of coherent speech, it is especially important to teach children the speech skills necessary for compiling monologues: to determine the language object and sequence in the description, to isolate the main topic and observe the structure in the narrative. The communicative functions of monologic speech are defined. The directions in the work on the development of monologue speech of students are described. Disclosed are the skills necessary for the development of coherent speech (its informative and external sides). The methods and techniques used by the teacher for the development of monologic speech of younger students are considered. Separately highlighted retelling as an effective method for the development of monological speech of students. The conditions of using retelling methods are formulated under which the process of developing coherent monologic speech in primary school children will be effective.

Item Type: Article
Uncontrolled Keywords: speech activity; connected speech; monologue speech; speech skills; legend
Subjects: Статті у наукометричних базах > Index Copernicus
Articles in journals > Наукові (входять до інших наукометричних баз, крім перерахованих, мають ISSN, DOI, індекс цитування)
Divisions: Institutes > Pedagogical Institute > Кафедра початкової освіти
Depositing User: Олена Іванівна Агоста
Date Deposited: 17 Jun 2020 07:43
Last Modified: 17 Jun 2020 07:43
URI: http://elibrary.kubg.edu.ua/id/eprint/31513

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