Holocene soil erosion in Eastern Europe-land use and/or climate controlled? The example of a catchment at the Giant Chalcolithic settlement at Maidanetske, central Ukraine

Dreibrodt, Stefan and Hofmann, Robert and Sipos, György and Schwark, Lorenz and Videiko, Mykhailo and Shatilo, Liudmyla and Martini, Sarah and Saggau, Philipp and Bork, Hans-Rudolf and Kirleis, Wiebke and Duttmann, Rainer and Müller, Johannes (2020) Holocene soil erosion in Eastern Europe-land use and/or climate controlled? The example of a catchment at the Giant Chalcolithic settlement at Maidanetske, central Ukraine Geomorphology (30). pp. 1-16. ISSN 0169555X

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Abstract

The Younger Quaternary erosion history was reconstructed in a catchment close to the Chalcolithic giant settlement Maidanetske, central Ukraine based on dated sediment sequences. Four trenches and a long percussion drill-core were analyzed in a valley grading from a Loess covered plateau towards the Talianky River. The sediments were dated by a combination of radiocarbon dating, optical stimulated luminescence (OSL) and embedded artifacts. Although there is some weakness of numerical dating so far, a non-coincidence between phases of soil erosion and the local and regional settlement history over long periods of the Holocene is indicated. This, viewed in the light of the geographical setting of the site in the climate sensitive forest-steppe borderland, suggests climatically driven erosion processes. The detected phases of erosion coincide with global (cal 27.6 ± 1.3 kyrs BP, 12.0 ± 0.4 kyrs BP), northern hemispheric (cal 8.5 ± 0.3 kyrs BP), Mediterranean (cal 3.93 ± 0.1 kyrs BP) as well as western to central European (2700 to 2000 cal BP) climate anomalies. Increased occurrences of heavy precipitation events, probably during phases of a weakened vegetation cover, could explain the observed record. Investigations at additional sites in Eastern Europe are needed to verify the representativeness of the presented record from central Ukraine at a regional level.The composition of the sediments indicates changes of the slope-channel connectivity during the deposition history. Whereas the glacial to early Holocene and modern times sediments were derived from the whole catchment area, during the mid- to late-Holocene a tendency to lower slope storage of colluvial material and valley incision is indicated.

Item Type: Article
Uncontrolled Keywords: Holocene erosion; Climate and land-use; Ukraine; Connectivity
Subjects: Articles in journals > Наукові (входять до інших наукометричних баз, крім перерахованих, мають ISSN, DOI, індекс цитування)
Divisions: Факультети > Історико-філософський факультет > НДЛ археології
Depositing User: д.і.н. Михайло Юрієвич Відейко
Date Deposited: 22 Jun 2020 04:54
Last Modified: 22 Jun 2020 04:54
URI: http://elibrary.kubg.edu.ua/id/eprint/31533

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