Modern methodological approaches to understanding disability and special needs

Федоренко, Оксана Филимонівна (2019) Modern methodological approaches to understanding disability and special needs Науковий часопис НПУ імені М. П. Драгоманова, 2 (72). pp. 223-226. ISSN 2311-5491

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Abstract

The article presents an analysis of research and publications on current approaches that are embedded in the International Classification of Functioning, Functioning, and Health (ICF). The specificities of WHO-FIC family classifications related to health are summarized, with particular emphasis on the International Classification of Diseases. The purpose and further possibilities of application of the International Classification of Diseases in the conditions of introduction of the International Classification of Functioning, Limitations of Life and Health are analyzed. The ICF was found to be based on a close integration of medical and social models, but at the core contains a biopsychosocial model of understanding disability. The basis of biopsychosocial approach for health assessment, restriction, within the broad context of social barriers is revealed.It is noted that life-limiting, according to the ICF, is a normal aspect of human existence, since any person can have a lifelimitation to one degree or another. It is established that in the International Classification of Functioning, Limitation of Life and Health, Functioning and Limitation of Life are considered as a result of complex interactions between biological, psychological and social factors. It is noted that this classification enables different specialists to speak a common language to study the dynamics of different components and their consequences, but it also becomes a basis for understanding the levers for improving the living situation of people with disabilities, ie understanding how often, and where exactly the person needs it. The value of classification is disclosed in that it allows to describe the components of health, to understand the interaction between health problems, functioning and disability and contextual factors (personal and environment, etc.).

Item Type: Article
Uncontrolled Keywords: disorders; special needs; functioning; disability; biopsychosocial approach
Subjects: Articles in journals > Фахові (входять до переліку фахових, затверджений МОН)
Articles in journals > Збірники наукових праць
Divisions: Institutes > Institute of human > Кафедра спеціальної та інклюзивної освіти
Depositing User: Оксана Филимонівна Федоренко
Date Deposited: 17 Aug 2020 05:31
Last Modified: 17 Aug 2020 05:31
URI: http://elibrary.kubg.edu.ua/id/eprint/31623

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