The Dynamics of Periodical Publications’ Development in Kyiv Before and During the First World War: Statistical Analysis

Куцик, Руслан Ростиславович (2020) The Dynamics of Periodical Publications’ Development in Kyiv Before and During the First World War: Statistical Analysis Сторінки Історії (50). pp. 88-98. ISSN 2307-5244, 2411-0647

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Abstract

The article reveals the historiography and the sources of the issue. Whereas the periodical literature had a large amount of materials, the most popular newspapers of socio-political, governmental and religious directions published in Kyiv during the First World War were the main objects of the research, in particular: «Kievskaya mysl», «Poslednie novosti», «Yuzhnaya kopeyka», «Vecherniaya Gazeta», «Kievlianin», «Kiev» and others. Based on statistical analysis, the article highlights the peculiarities of the development of the most popular socio-political and religious newspapers published in Kyiv during the First World War, in particular, “Kyiv Thought”, “Latest News”, “Southern Penny”, “Evening Newspaper”. “Kiev”, “Kiev” and others. The article describes the classification of periodical publications according to various criteria, namely: the time of release, the place of publication, thematic direction, and ideological context. The statistical data of the periodicals circulation and the editorial price policy were analyzed. The charts demonstrated the dynamics of changes in the number of periodical publications during 1913–1916. The authors concluded that one of the main consequences of the war was the reduction in the periodic products’ number by 41,8% and the closure of the majority of national and small editions that did not withstand competition, censorship, and economic pressure caused by military events. In the meantime, the positions of the conservative Russian-language press were strengthening, such press was supported by the authorities, which led to the rise of its circulation almost twice and turning Russian-language periodicals into mass products — a platform for imperial information propaganda. At the same time, due to the difficult socio-economic situation in the Russian Empire, monetary devaluation, and the high cost of the necessary materials for printing, the subscription prices rose considerably.

Item Type: Article
Uncontrolled Keywords: periodical publications; press; newspaper; Kyiv; the First World War; Russian Empire; statistics; statistical analysis
Subjects: Статті у наукометричних базах > Index Copernicus
Статті у наукометричних базах > Web of Science
Articles in journals > Фахові (входять до переліку фахових, затверджений МОН)
Divisions: Факультети > Історико-філософський факультет > Кафедра історії України
Depositing User: Руслан Ростиславович Куцик
Date Deposited: 14 Sep 2020 14:44
Last Modified: 21 Oct 2020 09:50
URI: http://elibrary.kubg.edu.ua/id/eprint/31763

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