CRITICISM OF POPULATION ACCOUNTING SYSTEM IN THE RUSSIAN EMPIRE BY RESEARCHERS OF 19th CENTURY

Іванюк, Олег Леонідович (2016) CRITICISM OF POPULATION ACCOUNTING SYSTEM IN THE RUSSIAN EMPIRE BY RESEARCHERS OF 19th CENTURY Київські історичні студії (2). pp. 134-140. ISSN 2524-2749

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Abstract

The article studies the population accounting system which functioned in the Russian Empire during the 19th century. Its main components were revisions, current estimated population, metrics, industry statistics, and gubernatorial reports. The author analyzes the views of researchers of 19th century: A. B. Bushen, P. I. Keppen, V. Plandovsky and others. The focus is on account of defi ciency in the population accounting system. The most criticism was caused by census records. Revisions were fi scal in nature and submitted information on the total population, its caste structure, allowing to determine the number of urban and rural residents. A. Bushen identifi es disadvantages of accounting system in the following areas: lack of funding and the high cost of statistical operations, complexity of applications and tools applied, duration, inadequacy of data verifi - cation. P. I. Koppen told about lack of uniformity in the methods of collecting information about the population in diff erent regions of the Empire. The whole states were left outside the method of census accounting. Describing accounting metric, the researchers noted that it was the most fl awed, inaccurate and inadequate system. Signifi cant disadvantages of metrics were impossible to trace the movement of the population, and fact that the effi ciency of calculations was for only the Orthodox population. By defi nition of researchers of 19th century there was no single coherent statistical system in Empire. Statistical sources were unsatisfactory, the truth of information — questionable. The main factors that aff ected the objectivity were lack of professionalism of offi cials, absence of the center management studies, scientifi cally based method of accounting.

Item Type: Article
Uncontrolled Keywords: audit; population accounting system; Statistical Committee; population statistics; metrics population; current estimated population;
Subjects: Статті у журналах > Збірники наукових праць
Divisions: Факультети > Історико-філософський факультет > Кафедра історії України
Depositing User: Катерина Сергеевна Мухина
Date Deposited: 14 Feb 2017 07:31
Last Modified: 14 Feb 2017 07:31
URI: https://elibrary.kubg.edu.ua/id/eprint/18746

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