Actant focus of verbs’ suffixes’ semantics

Лахно, Наталія Валентинівна (2017) Actant focus of verbs’ suffixes’ semantics Studia Philologica (Філологічні студії) : зб. наук. пр. (8). pp. 17-23. ISSN 2311-2425

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The functional-semantic category of  actant distribution of  verb’s semantics is  not investigated in  Ukrainian linguistics. The article considers argument characteristics of affixes, particularly suffixes. We register the  ability of  the verbal suffixes to  explicate actants’ functional characteristics, primarily those of aspect and phase. The paper tackles various actant characteristics of verbs’ lexico-semantic variants that reveal the connection between the suffixes’ morphological-semantic variants and generative, accumulative and hybrid functions of actants. Semantics of suffixes is identified by matching verbs with different suffixes but identical motivators. Synonymic and paronymic correlations in such pairs were detected. The article considers actants’ functions’ redistribution triggered by replacement of suffixes. Verbs with synonymous suffixes primarily denote a subject’s active action or its impact upon another one and correlate with the generative function of the actants. Synonymic suffixes are mostly non-resulting, non-terminative and functionally independent. Cognate verbs in such oppositions are marked by semantics’ identical actant distribution. Suffixes of  cognate verbs in  paronymic mappings determine verbal actants’ different functions, since they refer to actions that vary in terms of being terminative / non-terminative, active / passive. The article highlights actant functions’ redistribution caused by semantic processes. Special attention is  paid to  the  interaction of  suffix and context: on  the  one hand, the  suffix shapes the  word’s semantics that appears to be loosly dependent on the context, on the other hand, the suffix may be modified under the influence of the context. The article also demonstrates the impact of verbal suffixes upon the formation of the functional-semantic category of argument distribution as well as verbs’ semantics and fundamental lexico-grammatical categories of mood and voice

Item Type: Article
Uncontrolled Keywords: suffix; actant division of semantics; generative function; accumulative function; hybrid function; actantenhancer;
Subjects: Статті у журналах > Фахові (входять до переліку фахових, затверджений МОН)
Divisions: Факультет української філології, культури і мистецтва > Кафедра української мови
Depositing User: Валерій Смуров
Date Deposited: 04 Jul 2017 11:20
Last Modified: 04 Jul 2017 11:20

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