Parenthesis as a means of expressing subjective modality in contemporary American social and political essay

Торговець, Юлія Іванівна (2017) Parenthesis as a means of expressing subjective modality in contemporary American social and political essay Studia Philologica (Філологічні студії) : зб. наук. пр. (8). pp. 82-86. ISSN 2311-2425

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The article studies of  parenthetical elements as  means of  expressing subjective modality. The  research is  based on the texts of contemporary American social and political essay. Subjective modality is regarded as the expression of  speaker’s attitude towards the  utterance. There are numerous kinds of  linguistic means to  convey subjective modality in  English, e.g. phonological (stress and intonation), lexical (words with modal meaning), lexicogrammatical (modal verbs) and grammatical. Parenthetical elements belong to lexical means and remain the least studied of  all. They are considered as  linguistic units that express emotional state of  the speaker, his attitude to the interlocutor and utterance, and convey different modal meanings. The units in question can be expressed by modal words, adverbs, prepositional phrases, infinitive and participial phrases. Among these units modal words appear to be most significant. Special attention is paid to two types of subjective modality, expressed via parenthetical units: epistemic modality of  certainty/uncertainty and axiological modality. Epistemic modality is  regarded as  a  speaker’s assumptions of  possibilities and indicates the  speaker’s confidence (or lack of  confidence) in  the truth of  the proposition. In its turn, epistemic modality is subdivided into the epistemic modality of certainty and the epistemic modality of  uncertainty. After a  thorough investigation, we’ve come to  the  conclusion that in  the texts of  contemporary American social and political essay the epistemic modality of certainty is represented by parenthesis sure / surely, certainly, obviously, assuredly, in  fact. The  epistemic modality of  uncertainty is  expressed by: perhaps, maybe, probably, possible, presumably, аррarently. Axiological modality characterizes the  utterance through the  value system scale of the author in terms of “good” and “bad”

Item Type: Article
Uncontrolled Keywords: subjective modality; epistemic modality; axiological modality; modal words; parenthetical elements;
Subjects: Статті у журналах > Фахові (входять до переліку фахових, затверджений МОН)
Divisions: Інститути > Інститут філології > Кафедра германської філології
Depositing User: Валерій Смуров
Date Deposited: 05 Jul 2017 06:50
Last Modified: 05 Jul 2017 06:50

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