The latest «Zaporizhian Sich» in foreign land (creation of paramilitary structures in Ukrainian camp Rastatt in 1916)

Срібняк, Ігор Володимирович (2017) The latest «Zaporizhian Sich» in foreign land (creation of paramilitary structures in Ukrainian camp Rastatt in 1916) Емінак (1(17)). pp. 80-85. ISSN 1998-4634

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Ukrainianization three camps prisoners from the imperial army in Germany was an important milestone in the development of Ukrainian independent movement, which at that time was able to deploy just outside Ukraine. Ukrainian community that formed in Rastatt, Wetzlar, Salzwedel measures and Union for the Liberation of Ukraine in 1915, in a few months turned into dense pockets of Ukrainian patriots. Moreover – the most radical of them members expressed their readiness in arms to oppose the Empire, seeking to ensure in this way future national-state self Ukrainian. However, their number has not yet reached a critical mass that would allow beginning the formation of Ukrainian military units suitable for use against the Russian army at the front. Moreover, the immediate creation in any of the above-camp division from those radical Ukrainian would cause stubborn resistance from the majority of the prisoners who still dare not speak out against the Russian tsar. In this situation, the Union for the Liberation of Ukraine failed to create Sich organizations structure which followed the tradition of Zaporizhian Sich. In Rastatt was established among other camp society «Zaporizhian Sich», but it was built within the paramilitary structure of the 1st Zaporizhian Shevchenko Regiment. At the head of the regiment was chieftain with the rank of colonel in charge of marching, economic and health status of its assigned shelf, as well as the physical condition and moral education Sich. The overall composition of the regiment had been 1025-1050 soldiers. Since the establishment of the regiment and the appointment of a lieutenant colonel of the Russian army M.Shapoval orders were issued Regiment, which was reported to leave some Sich at work to exclude some captives from among them, was intended another hundred in the event of fire Sich outfit to perform the functions of fire «guard» in the camp, and another trumpeter Sich. As orders are also reported on the Chamber of Sich regiments lectures conducted by officers in the camp contained about assigning ranks Sich «ordinary» and officers to grant them temporary leave and others. So Camp «Zaporizhian Sich» successfully hauled their activities in its ranks conscious Ukrainian and getting rid of uncertain individuals who had produced national outlook. The main means of this association were weekly general meeting Sich, regular gymnastic exercises in huts, joint march in the overall system, sometimes – with orchestra. Also important for the Sich had their night duty and oversee the overall order in the camp. Thus Sich produced in a conscious understanding of the need to implement the orders of their superiors and laid the foundation of discipline. With all these measures in the Member Rastatt Sich were brought up major military virtues, and almost all of them at the end of March 1918 as a part of the 1st Regiment of Zaporozhye Shevchenko were relocated to Ukraine took an active part in the state building process in Ukrainian lands.

Item Type: Article
Uncontrolled Keywords: camp; Ukrainian prisoners; Rastatt; «Zaporizhian Sich»;
Subjects: Статті у журналах > Фахові (входять до переліку фахових, затверджений МОН)
Divisions: Факультет суспільно-гуманітарних наук > Кафедра всесвітньої історії
Depositing User: професор Ігор Володимирович Срібняк
Date Deposited: 18 Aug 2017 05:36
Last Modified: 21 Nov 2017 14:00

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