Activity of All-Ukrainian committee of assistance to scientists in Kyiv in 1920s: social control

Бонь, Олександр Іванович (2017) Activity of All-Ukrainian committee of assistance to scientists in Kyiv in 1920s: social control Київські історичні студії (1(4)). pp. 88-94. ISSN 2524-2749

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The article studies the activity of the All-Ukrainian Committee of Assistance to Scientists in the hardest period of  1920–1925. During the  Holodomor of  1921–1923 the  Committee supported scientists, higher education establishments’ professors as well as the artists in the biggest scientific centre — Kyiv. Financial conditions of  scientists and artists were critical. This situation was used by  the regime to  control intellectuals. It transferred from  leading social force, which was determining a  direction and establishing of the Ukrainian state and was developing the culture, to ideologically and financially marginal social group. The subject matter of this article is to study the forms and methods of the All-Ukrainian Committee’s support to  Kyiv intellectuals in  the first half of  1920s. The  archive of  the All-Ukrainian Committee of  Assistance to Scientists provides us with the opportunity to reveal insights on this issue. Mechanisms of the use of the following support to social control of intellectuals by the Soviets are analysed. In the condition of whole-food and essential tools deficiency, which was in the USSR and, in particular,in Kyiv in  1921–1923, scientists were sufficiently unprotected. It provided the  state with  a  possibility to  use budget financing / underfunding to influence intellectuals loyalty (in particular, scientists and artists). The part of this support as well as leverage over the intellectuals means accommodation, sanitation, financial aid, food aid (food ration for academics), support to families of the dead.

Item Type: Article
Uncontrolled Keywords: All-Ukrainian Committee of Assistance to Scientists; intellectuals; social control; accommodation; food ration for academics; sanitation; financial aid
Subjects: Статті у журналах > Фахові (входять до переліку фахових, затверджений МОН)
Divisions: Факультети > Історико-філософський факультет > Кафедра історії України
Depositing User: Ірина Борисівна Захарчук
Date Deposited: 21 Nov 2017 11:48
Last Modified: 21 Nov 2017 11:48

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