The paradox of the need-motivational sphere of people suffering from orthorexia nervosa

Лозова, Ольга Миколаївна and Дробот, Ольга Вячеславівна and Фатєєва, Марина Сергіївна (2017) The paradox of the need-motivational sphere of people suffering from orthorexia nervosa Врачебное дело (7). pp. 104-110. ISSN 0049-6804

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The purpose of the study is to highlight the phenomenon of extremely common eating behavior disorder - orthorexia nervosa. The research is one of the first attempts at empirical study of the specifics of the genesis of orthorexia nervosa in contemporary Ukrainian society. The research was carried out during 2015-2016. The peculiarities of the sphere of needs and motivations of individuals with signs of orthorexia were empirically studied. The sample comprised 260 people, men and women of middle age, all residents of Kyiv. The methodological basis was provided by the following methods: “the method of pair comparisons by V.V. Skvortsov”; “Rome Questionnaire of Orthorexia Nervosa” (ORTO-15); “Multidimensional scale of perfectionism” questionnaire by P. Hewitt - G. Flett. А significant prevalence of orthorexia in contemporary Ukrainian society was noted (66.6% of the subjects) during the study. It turned out that social needs were least important for respondents with orthorexia; more important were the need for security, self-actualization, and, most importantly - the need for self-affirmation. A direct connection was established between orthorexia, perfectionism and the need for self-affirmation and self-actualization. The results of the study proved that ORTO-15 questionnaire has its own limitations as a diagnostic tool, since it does not determine the tendency to orthorexia due to the influence of social environment and fashionable preferences. Diagnostic criteria for orthorexia, suggested by Morrows, also require further refinement. There is an urgent need for further study of this disorder, improvement of existing and invention of new methods of diagnosis of orthorexia, expansion of the range of research, as well as introduction of global experience of practical work with people with eating behavior disorders in contemporary Ukrainian practice of psychotherapy.

Item Type: Article
Additional Information: Цитується у Scopus, Medline, Publine, Index Medicus, входить до переліку наукометричних видань.
Uncontrolled Keywords: оrthorexia nervosa; eating behavior disorder; diet; perfectionism; obsessive-compulsive disorder
Subjects: Статті у журналах > Наукові (входять до інших наукометричних баз, крім перерахованих, мають ISSN, DOI, індекс цитування)
Divisions: Факультет психології, соціальної роботи та спеціальної освіти > Кафедра практичної психології
Depositing User: професор О.М. Лозова
Date Deposited: 22 Dec 2017 07:03
Last Modified: 18 Oct 2019 07:32

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