The Structure of Subject and Object of Comparison in Comparative Constructions

Грипас, Оксана Юріївна (2018) The Structure of Subject and Object of Comparison in Comparative Constructions Studia Philologica (Філологічні студії) : зб. наук. пр. (9). pp. 35-40. ISSN 2311-2425

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On the formal-grammatical level the structure and volume of subject and object of a verbalized logical model of comparison are studied. Taking into consideration several aspects of studying the structural components of comparatives according to Feldman’s classification and using the results of analysis of more than two thousand sentences found in the Ukrainian fiction literature, the given article describes the peculiarities of verbalising the models of comparison on the formal-grammatical level; the typology of subject and object of comparison according to categorical semantics, volume(amount) and peculiarities of their form-building, while in the earlier scientific publication of our and foreign linguists the given issue is not clarified. The primary criteria for the proposed typology is the differentiation on non-predicate and predicate components. Predicate subjects and objects of comparison are situations, diverse according to their structure and semantics. The characteristic feature for comparative with such types of components is common for both situations predicate. In static situations predicate is represented by adjectives and participles. Situations with active predicate are bigger in their volume and more diverse according to their structure, because predicate on the formal-grammatical level is connected with subject, object, adverbial modifier, where on each of them, or even on several simultaneously, the comparison is accentuated. All mentioned above examples are symmetric to each other. Non-symmetric compared situations are always of a bigger volume; they contain a detailed description of definite event or state and verbalized in complex syntactic constructions. Typical markers of such comparatives are complex sentences, between predicative parts of which there are comparative relations, but their predicates are different.

Item Type: Article
Uncontrolled Keywords: logical model of comparison; subject of comparison; object of comparison; verbal implementation of comparison model; classification of comparisons;
Subjects: Статті у журналах > Фахові (входять до переліку фахових, затверджений МОН)
Divisions: Факультет української філології, культури і мистецтва > Кафедра української мови
Depositing User: Валерій Смуров
Date Deposited: 26 Mar 2018 11:31
Last Modified: 26 Mar 2018 11:31

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