Usuals and Unusuals in Language Semiotics of ‘Existence’ (on the material of Slavic languages)

Саєвич, Ірина Георгіївна (2018) Usuals and Unusuals in Language Semiotics of ‘Existence’ (on the material of Slavic languages) Studia Philologica (Філологічні студії) : зб. наук. пр. (9). pp. 130-139. ISSN 2311-2425

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This article seeks to explain the correlation of significant and signifié of language signs-representants to denote ‘existence’ within Slavic ethnoculture. The investigation is organized around three main domains: theories, facts, and conclusions. The first one provides the theoretical background for the investigation and is handled by analyzing different schools of thought to clearly outline the reasons for known classifications of the issue in question. The top priority is given to providing explanations of language signs to denote LIFE and DEATH, theoretical outlining of which can be regarded as being one of the prioritized problems to be solved within semiotics in language. A considerable amount of space and attention is devoted to developments that have taken place in the subject in the past. The chief of these are the Ch. Peirce’s, F. de Saussure’s, R. Jakobson’s viewing the sign. In addition, the article shows how the sign relates to the notions of LIFE and DEATH within Slavic culture. The carried out investigation is capable of explaining the facts that the above mentioned notions represent a binary archetypal comprehension of EXISTENCE in Slavic culture. We used illustrations drawn predominantly from etymological sources, this leads us to conclude that the notions of BEGINNING and END are of the same origin. In doing so the interrelationship between LIFE, DEATH, BIRTH becomes readily apparent. In the context of our investigation one of the observations allows us to maintain that DEATH is associated with vertical movement (soul moving up and body — down). Our conclusions are checked against the facts that LIFE and DEATH are viewed as both opposite and similar notions in Slavic culture. We state that language means to denote ‘existence’ demonstrate a strong dependency on linguistic and extra-linguistic factors, to be observed both at the nomination and ontology levels of signs. We also maintain that semiotic continuum EXISTENCE is represented by primary and secondary abstract names and predicates possessing different degree of motivation to denote notions of LIFE and DEATH. Their reference is based on correlation of signs and idealized abstract objects collectively and cognitively processed by native speakers. This brings us to thinking that specific referential features of life and death reflect the fact of viewing these notions as sacred, rooted in mytho-poetic reflection of reality. This reality perception is characterized by merging of real and unreal, binary principle and understanding the sign to be the constituent which reflects understanding of the object perceived. The proportion of different types of signs testify to the fact that the majority of secondary nominations are iconic. There is no clear distinction between index, icon and symbol with semiotic metamorphoses dependency on the frequency of usage in the process of communication and functional properties (i.e. usage in other typical functions, e.g. magic and aesthetic). From our point of view, not only signs-symbols are of conventional character, but the same property characterizes some iconic constructs that have propositional background for inner form (LIFE / DEATH IS A WAY, DEATH IS A DREAM).

Item Type: Article
Uncontrolled Keywords: language semiotics; ethnolinguistics; Slavic languages; sign; icon; index; symbol; existence
Subjects: Статті у журналах > Фахові (входять до переліку фахових, затверджений МОН)
Divisions: Факультет української філології, культури і мистецтва > Кафедра української мови
Depositing User: Валерій Смуров
Date Deposited: 29 Mar 2018 05:44
Last Modified: 29 Mar 2018 05:44

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