Psychodidactic determinants of the development of children of preschool age

Кондратюк, Світлана Григоріївна (2018) Psychodidactic determinants of the development of children of preschool age Wiadomości Lekarskie (6). pp. 1207-1214.

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The article analyzes the state and trends of the problem of the development of children of preschool age. As a research task, the authors present the results of questionnaires of parents of preschool-age children. The foreign experience of pre-school education is described. The psychodidactic contradictions and perspectives of the development of preschool-age children are outlined. According to scientists, modern preschool education in the context of globalization changes should be reoriented to the development of the child’s personality as the main resource, which determines the progressive movement of society. A modern high-tech world puts the child in front of the child’s demands of the level of his education, development and upbringing. Consequently, the study of the psychodidactic determinants of the development of a child of preschool age, which provides a complete psycho-physical and personal development and psychological readiness for studying at school, is relevant. The article analyzes the indicators of the cognitive and extracognitive development of the child, in accordance with the most well-known systems of early education, and determines the factors of influence (determinants) of the mental development of a child of preschool age. For conducting scientific researches, the authors used methods of analysis of normative and scientific literature, statistical, system analysis and generalizations, results of their own empirical studies, materials of questionnaires, method of factor-criterion modeling of spheres of mental development of a child, created on the basis of qualimetric evaluation, etc. It has been established that pre-school education should ensure the harmonious development of the child’s personality, his physical and mental health, to form mechanisms for social adaptation and creative implementation in a living environment in the community of children and adults through the creation of early education technologies that include a balanced mix of development cognitive and noncognitive spheres of the child. In order to achieve the tasks, innovative pedagogical technologies such as modern systems of early development are widely used, the main purpose of which, according to their authors, is the development of cognitive, emotional and noncognitive abilities of the child. Having examined the main (most popular) early-developmental systems of skills formation in cognitive and non-cognitive spheres, one can conclude that there is a need for comprehensive (systemic) approaches to the development of a child’s early developmental technology, since none of the systems considered alone can provide a harmonious balanced development of preschoolers in cognitive (ability to read, write, read, analyze text, perform creative tasks, etc.) and non-cognitive (social, emotional, ability to play storyline games, with independence, etc.) spheres. After all, if loads are lacking, then mental development stops, and excessive tension and absolute comfort lead to a stop of the development of the psyche, self-awareness, therefore, only a balanced approach will allow to get a positive result.

Item Type: Article
Uncontrolled Keywords: physiology; psychology; psychodidactics; development; child; determinants of preschooler development; mental development; factors of influence on child health; cognitive sphere; systems of early education
Subjects: Статті у журналах > Наукові (входять до інших наукометричних баз, крім перерахованих, мають ISSN, DOI, індекс цитування)
Divisions: Інститути > Педагогічний інститут > Кафедра дошкільної освіти
Depositing User: Кафедра Дошкільної освіти
Date Deposited: 29 Oct 2018 12:22
Last Modified: 29 Oct 2018 12:22

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