The polivariability of the bastard motif in the short stories by Guy de Maupassant: a character in search of self-identification

Гальчук, Оксана Василівна (2018) The polivariability of the bastard motif in the short stories by Guy de Maupassant: a character in search of self-identification Літературний процес: методологія, імена, тенденції : зб. наук. пр. (філол. науки) (11). pp. 20-28. ISSN 2311-2433

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The theme of illegitimacy Guy de Maupassant evolved in his works this article perceives as one of the factors of the author's concept of a person and the plane of intersection of the most typical motifs of his short stories. The study of the author's concept of a person through the prism of polivariability of the motif of a bastard is relevant in today's revision of traditional values, transformation of the usual social institutions and search for identities, etc. The purpose of the study is to give a definition to the existence specifics of the bastard motif in the Maupassant’s short stories by using historical and literary, comparative, structural methods of analysis as dominant. To do this, I analyze the content, variability and the role of this motive in the formation of the Maupassant’s concept of a person, the author’s innovations in its interpretation from the point of view of literary diachrony. Maupassant interprets the bastard motif in the social, psychological and metaphorical-symbolic sense. For the short stories with the presentation of this motif, I suggest the typology based on the role of it in the structure of the work and the ideological and thematic content: the short stories with a motif-fragment, the ones with the bastard's leitmotif and the group where the bastard motif becomes a central theme. The Maupassant’s interpretation of the bastard motif combines the general tendencies of its existence in the world’s literary tradition and individual reading. The latter is the result of the author's understanding of the relevant for the era issues: the transformation of the family model, the interest in the theory of heredity, the strengthening of atheistic sentiments, the growth of frustration in the system of traditional social and moral values and so on. This study sets the ground for a prospective analysis of the evolution the bastard motif in the short-story collections of different years or a comparative study of the motif in short stories and novels by Maupassant.

Item Type: Article
Uncontrolled Keywords: Guy de Maupassant; short story; motif of a bastard; interpretation of the bastard motif; typology; leitmotif
Subjects: Статті у журналах > Фахові (входять до переліку фахових, затверджений МОН)
Divisions: Інститути > Гуманітарний інститут > Кафедра світової літератури
Depositing User: професор Оксана Гальчук
Date Deposited: 28 Dec 2018 07:54
Last Modified: 28 Dec 2018 07:54

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