The valued focus of a widow and an orphan statuses and scale of protection in the old and new testament tradition

Хрипко, Світлана Анатоліївна (2018) The valued focus of a widow and an orphan statuses and scale of protection in the old and new testament tradition Схід аналітично-інформаційний журнал Філософські науки, 3 (155). pp. 51-56. ISSN 1728-9343

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Abstract

Abstract Introduction. A woman’s image has always embodied an idea of motherhood, life, bloodline assurance. The magic of sensuality and participation in a mystery of birth has led to careful and confidential attitude to a woman. On the other hand an existence of a woman-widow who was full of grief and misfortunes, but nevertheless, she had obtained special attitude, special status attributes, and special rites’ functions. Such ambiguity of a widow’s image in social conscience is a subject of our research. The consideration of a spiritual widow’s status has some difficulties and superstitions. Namely, a true ancient understanding of a widow’s image has been lost in repeated translations of the Bible texts. However, it can be stated that the key ideas which are the grounds of a widow’s image in the Bible have remained untouched. The priorities of the work are to provide a philosophical consideration of a widow’s image sacral context in biblical tradition and to find out a widow’s spiritual status. Purpose. The main aim of the work is to analyze the specific features of a widow’s image and status on the Bible pages, to consider semantic contexts of an image, to follow the parallels between the images of an orphan and a widow, to conceive a loneliness phenomenon and orphans’ and widows’ protection on the holy texts’ pages. Particular attention is given to Ukrainian context of a widow’s image spiritual and semantic understanding. Methods. The work is based on methodical description of the women’ images who are selected from the Old and New Testament. Moreover, the principles of comparative analysis are applied in order to reveal the traits of a widow’s image in the blocks of historical texts and compare Ukrainian context of widows’ existence with biblical one. Results. The issues of widows’ and orphans’ statuses and scales of protection have been analyzed, namely the main attention was drawn to the following priorities: to widow’s solitude, semantic meaning of widow’s clothes, measure of obtained protections, their rights and laws which guaranteed social support, level of respect. Originality. By contrast to the works in which a widow’s image (and peripherally an orphan’s one) are considered in context, an issue of a widow’s status and image in Bible tradition has been directly addressed to the theme of social recognition. Furthermore, Ukrainian context of social attitude to the most defenseless categories (particularly widows and orphans) is included. Conclusion. There are some bases to highlight valued solitude of a widow which has become a powerful marker of a widow’s place determination in spiritual existence. From our point of view, it is driven not only by property difficulties, but by existing experience of an early death of a husband (soul mate). Solitude, isolation, necessity of being alone are the traits of moral and spiritual embodiment of a widow’s state and status in biblical times. The attention should be drawn to valued ambiguity of a widow’s image understanding in the sphere of biblical tradition. Such attitude has been developed due to the various range of widows’ behavior. Consequently, widows’ participation in social events or their ignorance depended on their correspondence to the high standards which were applied to an image of “unmarried for second time widow”. From ancient times a fear of widows’ offence has been existed, as a punishment will be inevitable. Such idea has the deeper roots than Christian moral and the New Testament admonishments. A widow’s pray is the main form of a woman’s participation in active social life. A function of pray was a crucial one if we were going to consider a widow’s role in society. It had been included into the main rite traditions, namely ancestral traditions, defense practices, funeral ones. Religious and femininity are the main issues cored in all religious and spiritual acts of Ukrainian mentality. However, having established a parallel, we needed to notice that a widow’s image was extremely complicated in spiritual culture and Ukrainian mentality. In national and biblical traditions widow’s humiliation is the greatest sin. Owing to this fact a comparison between Ukraine and “a widow in grief” composed by T. Shevchenko can be suggested to have deep semantic, cultural and spiritual roots. Significant sustained tendency for Ukrainian folklore was to compare a widow with a cuckoo and with another prophetic bird – an owl. The roots of it were in the words’ semantic meanings. In the first variant a cuckoo is equated with a single mother, due to the second one a theme of afterlife connection is followed.

Item Type: Article
Uncontrolled Keywords: widow; value; image; axiology; orphan; symbolic; semantic; solitude; exclusivity; protection; separation; intercession.
Subjects: Статті у журналах > Фахові (входять до переліку фахових, затверджений МОН)
Divisions: Факультети > Історико-філософський факультет > Кафедра філософії
Depositing User: доцент Світлана Анатоліївна Хрипко
Date Deposited: 07 Feb 2019 13:32
Last Modified: 07 Feb 2019 13:32
URI: https://elibrary.kubg.edu.ua/id/eprint/26194

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