Modern physical therapy apparatus methods for rehabilitation of patients with chronic obstructive pulmonary disease

Савченко, Валентин Михайлович (2018) Modern physical therapy apparatus methods for rehabilitation of patients with chronic obstructive pulmonary disease Молодіжний науковий вісник Східноєвропейського національного університету імені Лесі Українки (29). pp. 140-149.

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Introduction. Patients with chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) require not only pharmacological therapy, but also physical therapy with numerous therapy apparatus metods in addition to motor rehabilitation. The purpose of the study is to examine the role of physical therapy apparatus methods for rehabilitation of COPD patients according to scientific references. Materials and methods. Scientific references of the last 10 years, selected from electronic databases of the Vernadsky National Library of Ukraine, the Russian Scientific Electronic Library “eLibrary”, Web of Science, PubMed, PEDro. Results. While COPD, apparatus methods as well as motor methods in physical therapy are additionally used to improve the clinical status, respiration, daily physical activity and quality of life of patients. The most commonly used apparatus methods are non-invasive ventilation (increased breathing, exhalation or continuous pressure), respiratory cleaners (intrapulmonary percussion ventilation, extra-ocular mechanical percussion), oxygen therapy, electrostimulation of muscles, hypoxic training, etc. For the last 10 years, these physiotherapeutic apparatus methods have not been used as often as at the end of the past and at the beginning of this century. In the system and meta-analytical surveys given during this time it is not found out predominance of favorable clinical effect of physical therapy apparatus methods in comparison with other means of physical therapy. Therefore, it is impossible to fully assess the perfect rehabilitation efficiency of apparatus methods of physical therapy in COPD due to the absence of evidence-based studies. Conclusions. Physical therapy apparatus methods have not been widely used for pulmonary rehabilitation of patients with COPD, due to the lack of evidence-based studies that reliably confirm the beneficial rehabilitation effect, clear indications for use, and the presence of technical and logistical barriers.

Item Type: Article
Uncontrolled Keywords: chronic obstructive pulmonary disease; physical therapy; rehabilitation; apparatus methods; non-invasive ventilation support; airway cleaning; oxygen therapy; electrostimulation of muscles.
Subjects: Статті у журналах > Фахові (входять до переліку фахових, затверджений МОН)
Divisions: Факультет здоров’я, фізичного виховання і спорту > Кафедра фізичної терапії та ерготерапії
Depositing User: Професор Валентин Михайлович Савченко
Date Deposited: 02 Dec 2019 11:00
Last Modified: 02 Dec 2019 11:00

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