Possessions of "Three tatar tsars"and conception of a "Triple podillia"in the battle of Grunwald

Михайловський, Віталій Миколайович (2018) Possessions of "Three tatar tsars"and conception of a "Triple podillia"in the battle of Grunwald Український історичний журнал (1). pp. 4-17. ISSN 0130-5247

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Abstract

The article analyzes the partition of the historical region of Podillia, which emergedin the mid-14th century as a result of the defeat of its Tatar rulers in the Battle of Blue Waters in 1362 and the expansion of the Grand Duchy of Luthuania’s influencesoutheast. A preceding historical tradition reflected in the chronicle "Tale of Podillia"describes the partition of the territory in the interfluve of the Dnipro and the Dnisterrivers among three Tatar rulers of Podillia: Kutlubuh, Khadjibey, and Dmytro. Itis very difficult to localize their lands precisely due to the scarcity of documentarysources from the 14th century. Based on the toponyms mentioned in the documentsof the Koriatovyches, the paper clarifies the boundaries of Dmytro’s lands. Based onthe analysis of hydronyms the article designates the likely lands owned by Kutlubuh.The image about Podillia as divided in three parts endured till the beginning of the15th century. At the time Podillia was divided in two parts: the western under therule of King Władysław II Jagiełło, and the eastern under the governance of Grand Duke Vitautas. The description of the royal army in the Battle of Grunwald in 1410includes three Podolian military units. Podillia became the only territory that sentthree units. Jan Długosz, the author of this account, explained this fact by a largenumber of Podolian population. The available written sources of the late 14th –early 15th centuries do not confirm such interpretation. It is more likely that at thebeginning of the 15th century the three Podolian units in Grunwald reflected an olderimage of Podillia as a territory that consisted of three parts.

Item Type: Article
Uncontrolled Keywords: Podillia; Tatars; Grand Duchy of Lithuania; Grunwald.
Subjects: Статті у наукометричних базах > Web of Science
Статті у журналах > Фахові (входять до переліку фахових, затверджений МОН)
Divisions: Факультети > Історико-філософський факультет > Кафедра історії України
Depositing User: Віталій Миколайович Михайловський
Date Deposited: 05 Dec 2019 13:21
Last Modified: 07 May 2020 08:35
URI: https://elibrary.kubg.edu.ua/id/eprint/29561

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