Rejection of marriage in women’s texts of the late 19th – the first half of 20th centuries

Жигун, Сніжана Віталіївна (2019) Rejection of marriage in women’s texts of the late 19th – the first half of 20th centuries Вчені записки ТНУ імені В. І. Вернадського. Серія: Філологія. Соціальні комунікації, 30(69) (4 ч.1). pp. 132-137.

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The article deals with the attempt to reconstruct one aspect of women's experience that is marriage rejection. Indeed, the representation of women in literature is to a large extent a means of socializing and normalizing women's behavior. Marriage focuses on three aspects of R. Connell's gender model: a) power, b) production, c) emotional load, and has been criticized by theorists of feminism. However, Ukrainian literary criticism examines the subject of women's topic based on motives of creativity, education, etc. Therefore, the aim of the study is to consider the motive for rejecting marriage in the women's texts of Ukrainian literature as one that shows women's experience, and one that means the adoption of the ideas of female emancipation by Ukrainian society. Feminist studies, combined with literary anthropology, have become the research methodology. The evolution of women's attitudes to marriage rejection has been traced as a result of the study. In Olena Pchilka’s prose, it is embodied in an anomalous, unreasonable and absurd act, placing marriage into the context of Christianity, fixing the connection between it and patriarchal character. The marriage rejection was thus a violation of the patriarchal collective tradition. And marriage rejection is affirmed as a personal choice in the works of the next generation writers (Lesya Ukrainka and O. Kobylianska), Unmarried life is asserted as an opportunity for self-development, and the negatives associated with it are explained by social pressure in their works influenced by feminism. Further works demonstrated how emancipation tendencies were incorporated into ideology. Marxist writers (for example, O. Svekla) propagated the rejection of marriage on economic or traditional principles, but glorified the union of psychologically close people. Nationalism also influenced women's choice, appealing to the need to grow a strong generation, but I. Vilde's work demonstrates not only how ideology exploits women, but also how women exploit ideology. The practical significance of the study lies in the fact that its results will contribute to the modern task of equalizing gender roles, taking into account national experience.

Item Type: Article
Uncontrolled Keywords: feminism; marriage; unmarried life; Marxism; nationalism.
Subjects: Статті у журналах > Фахові (входять до переліку фахових, затверджений МОН)
Статті у журналах > Наукові (входять до інших наукометричних баз, крім перерахованих, мають ISSN, DOI, індекс цитування)
Divisions: Інститути > Інститут філології > Кафедра української літератури, компаративістики і грінченкознавства
Depositing User: Сніжана Віталіївна Жигун
Date Deposited: 13 Aug 2020 09:26
Last Modified: 13 Aug 2020 09:26

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