"Convenient" and "inconvenient" past in the novel "Nausea" (Jean-Paul Sartre) and the story "Another life" (Yuri Trifonov)

Братусь, Іван Вікторович and Гунька, Анна Миколаївна and Стрельцова, Світлана Вікторівна (2020) "Convenient" and "inconvenient" past in the novel "Nausea" (Jean-Paul Sartre) and the story "Another life" (Yuri Trifonov) Молодий вчений (7 (83)). pp. 148-154. ISSN 2304-5809

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The article deals with the integration of historical memory through the prism of literary works. Jean-Paul Sartre's novel “Nausea” (1938) and Yuri Trifonov's novel “Another Life” (1975) were selected as the main objects of study. The study traces the cultural and historical context of writing the works and reflecting in them the ideas of transformation of the historical past. Particular attention is paid to understanding events through the prism of personal and public memory. The article presents the authors’ hopes, concerns and warnings. The main problem lies in the conscious and unconscious falsification of the past, the inability of the researcher to be constantly objective, to fully assess the significance of a phenomenon. It is noted that the transformation of reality into historical research has become dominant in the analyzed works of Sartre and Trifonov. In the study, we briefly touch on the motivation of the historian. It is the mental component that is key in the division of the past into "convenient" and "inconvenient" (the classification is conditional; it exists only to make it easier to understand the accents of writers). The "convenient" past is the comfortable assimilation by most people; it explains everything and makes people's lives logical, progressive and understandable. All "complex issues" are retouched and there is a colossal falsification in which "the present conducts the past." To come to terms with such a "past" means to provide oneself with certain tools in the constructs of memory. The "uncomfortable" past introduces its researcher to continuous external and internal contradictions, which are exacerbated depending on the depth of analysis. The departure from traditions causes the disintegration of the convenient matrix of memories and actualizes the search for a "new identification". Rejection of established ideas is not only and not so much an intellectual somersault - it is a kind of moral choice, which usually appears within the "program of honesty with oneself." The researcher seems to come out of the vicious circle of falsifications and tries to find "his way" by touch. At the same time, his psyche is under intense pressure, he is teetering on the brink of losing socialization, and even the "omnipotent author" states that success is not guaranteed. The article contains an analysis of the works of the Soviet era for a better understanding of the realities of the time.

Item Type: Article
Uncontrolled Keywords: Sartre; Trifonov; historical memory; totalitarianism; "stagnation"; the past.
Subjects: Це архівна тематика Київського університету імені Бориса Грінченка > Статті у наукометричних базах > Index Copernicus
Divisions: Це архівні підрозділи Київського університету імені Бориса Грінченка > Факультет образотворчого мистецтва і дизайну > Кафедра образотворчого мистецтва
Depositing User: доцент Іван Братусь
Date Deposited: 20 Aug 2020 08:50
Last Modified: 06 Oct 2023 08:33
URI: https://elibrary.kubg.edu.ua/id/eprint/31647

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