New industrial policy in Central and Eastern Europe: development's experience and conclusions for Ukraine

Казак, Оксана Олексіївна and Обелець, Тетяна Володимирівна (2020) New industrial policy in Central and Eastern Europe: development's experience and conclusions for Ukraine Інвестиції: практика та досвід (5-6). pp. 29-37. ISSN 2306-6814

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In this article, the experience of the new going is analyzed near industrial politics of successful countries of region of Central and East Europe (CEE). Research method. The method of comparative analysis of new industrial politician is used for research of similar with Ukraine economies of Poland, Chech Republic and Hungary. By the method of ascent from part to general we defined such general and distinctive signs politician of countries of region of CEE. Main part. We are studied, analyzed and groupped an instruments of industrial politics in area of stimulation of Export, including for the enterprises of small and middle businesses (SME). These mechanisms were worked out and successfully mastered in the United States of America and were used on the stages of economic transformation of post-socialistic countries. We distinguished the features of vertical and horizontal instruments of industrial politics and then the most often applied events of Hard and Soft variants of industrial politics are structured in a CEE region. In this Region it was come forward basis of successful stimulation of height of industry such as presence of own currency (zloty, chech crowne and forint) and realization of independent currency-course politics, creation of industrial parks and special economic zones, and also application of mechanisms of reduction of prices and insurance of export by means of Export-credit Agencies. By the distinctive feature of Poland in realization of industrial politics there is reducing of greater part and successful restructuring of remaining volume of a Sovereign debt on new basis. This Debt was re-profiled on the advantageous terms for Poland both before international financial organizations (IMF, World bank etc.) and before large private creditors. Reduction of promissory burden pawned basis for creation of new workplaces and technological rearmament in industry, that resulted in the speed-up economy growing of Poland. The feature of new industrial politics of Hungary are state measures on support of enterprises with specialization on NT with the large stake of value-added — in particular electronics. It distinguishes Hungary from nearby Republic of Slovakia, where by a government a course was taken on stimulation of creation of cluster of automobile and motor industry. Also the feature of Hungary is the developed system of trade houses with the purpose of advancement of the Hungarian export abroad at the financial assistance of the state participating Export-import bank and Export-credit agency, working in close cooperation. We recommend within the framework of realization of new industrial politics in Ukraine actively to bring over small and middle enterprises (SME) to export activity. We proposed for stimulation industrial policy as important institutional mechanism to establish the specialized state Agency of development of small and midsize businesses in Ukraine. It сan become for example of the United States of America, with the use of real experience of countries of region of CEE. Using experience of Hungary, we offer creation by Government the National Trade House in Ukraine for financial and organizational support of advancement of export in co-operating with state specialized Ukreximbank and accrued Export-credit Agency of Ukraine. Also we consider a necessity to used Poland's and Chech Republic's experience on creation of the ramified network of Industrial parks on all territory of the country in Ukraine.

Item Type: Article
Uncontrolled Keywords: industrial policy; Central and East Europe; industrial parks; export; trade houses; small and medium business; ECA
Subjects: Це архівна тематика Київського університету імені Бориса Грінченка > Статті у наукометричних базах > Index Copernicus
Це архівна тематика Київського університету імені Бориса Грінченка > Статті у журналах > Фахові (входять до переліку фахових, затверджений МОН)
Divisions: Це архівні підрозділи Київського університету імені Бориса Грінченка > Кафедра фінансів та економіки
Depositing User: доцент Оксана Олексіївна Казак
Date Deposited: 09 Nov 2020 06:57
Last Modified: 09 Nov 2020 06:57

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