Syntactic models of protocategorial constructions of the reverse state in old Germanic languages

Шапочкіна, Ольга Володимирівна (2019) Syntactic models of protocategorial constructions of the reverse state in old Germanic languages Молодий вчений, 11 (75). pp. 151-300. ISSN 2313-2167

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Abstract

Summary. The typology of syntactic models in protocategorical state constructions is studied using the example of five Old Germanic languages – Gothic, Old English, Old Icelandic, Old Saxon and Old High German. The author has used two methodological approaches: semantic approach, according to which the inverse is interpreted as the directionality of the action to the actor – agent, who is both the subject and the object of this action, and formal approach, which required study of the corresponding indicator of inverse. It is proved that the reverse state combines several characteristics, namely: inverse (reflexivity), reciprocity, ingression (transient state).The typology of syntactic models of reverse state protocategorial constructions is outlined, namely: 1) the verb + reflexive pronoun in the accusative case; 2) verb + reflexive pronoun in the dative case; 3) verb + reflexive pronoun with preposition; 4) verb + reflexive pronoun + infinitive; 5) constructions with verbs Reflexiva tantum; 6) constructions with reciprocating dual-rection verbs; 7) constructions with reciprocal verbs and prepositions "gegen", "wille"; 8) constructions with an independent reflexive pronoun.The analysis of the reverse state of proto-categorical constructions in Old Germanic languages was performed and it was determined which syntactic models and state shades and relations were characterised such structures. It was found that the leading position in the frequency of use of structures of this type was occupied by ancient Icelandic, and it was found that in other languages, e.g. Gothic, reverse constructions were not widely used. There was a sufficiently productive group of class IV verbs instead that contained a great number of reverse shades. It is proved that in Old Saxon, Old English and Old High German the beginnings of the reverse state concentrate on two basic syntactic models - "verb + reflexive pronoun in the accusative case" and "verb + reflexive pronoun in the dative case". Also the model “verb + reflexive pronoun + participle » is the specific areal feature.

Item Type: Article
Uncontrolled Keywords: category of state; protocategorial construction; reverse state; Old Germanic languages; syntactic model
Subjects: Статті у наукометричних базах > Index Copernicus
Статті у журналах > Наукові (входять до інших наукометричних баз, крім перерахованих, мають ISSN, DOI, індекс цитування)
Divisions: Інститути > Інститут філології > Кафедра германської філології
Depositing User: доцент Ольга Володимирiвна Шапочкiна
Date Deposited: 16 Nov 2020 09:19
Last Modified: 16 Nov 2020 09:19
URI: https://elibrary.kubg.edu.ua/id/eprint/32693

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