Сreativity of galician cartoonists in satirical editions of lviv of the end of XIX - early XX century

Михалевич, Віктор Вадимович (2020) Сreativity of galician cartoonists in satirical editions of lviv of the end of XIX - early XX century Науковий збірник «Актуальні питання гуманітарних наук: міжвузівський збірник наукових праць молодих вчених Дрогобицького державного педагогічного університету імені Івана Франка», 1 (33). pp. 106-112. ISSN 2308-4855

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Abstract

The article analyzes the work of key Galician artists in the Lviv satirical press of the late XIX - early XX centuries, namely K. Ustiyanovych, T. Romanchuk, J. Pstrak, J. Strukhmanchuk and others. The unifying factors, general stylistic features and individual qualities in the cartoons of the artists are given. Data such as education, technique, artistic and stylistic influences and individual style are taken into account. It is revealed that with the development of Art Nouveau the illustration on the columns of Lviv satirical editions of the end of the XIX century begins to evolve: graphics of Lviv artists become lighter, not overloaded, decorative and planar, line and spot play a leading role, attention is focused on the silhouette, the composition is simplified. Although Art Nouveau in its various manifestations (symbolist, allegorical, decorative) in combination with academicism had an impact on the Galician graphic artists, but there is always a national component in their works. An art analysis of vivid images in the illustrations of famous graphic artists of this period is conducted in the study. The caricatures show the grotesqueness and hyperbole of the characters, emphasizing the contrast between the negative and the positive. Non-standard compositional solutions, dynamics and rhythm, development of the plot line, successful facial expressions of the characters, virtuoso mastery of graphic material are inherent to Galician artists. The design of the leading satirical magazines of Lviv of this period, namely "Zerkalo" and "Strahopud", is studied. Such components of graphic design of publications as decorative design, typography, coloristics, artistic typesetting are analyzed. The ideological orientation, problem-thematic and genre features of the corresponding magazines are determined. The article emphasizes that although the design of Lviv satirical periodicals mostly had a classical look, the influence of modernist tendencies begins to be felt. In general, the visual range of magazines was maintained in accordance with the political course of the publication. Illustrations on the pages of humorous publications exposed and condemned the shortcomings of the realities of the time, and the decoration was of high artistic quality. Therefore, the work of Ukrainian cartoonists in Lviv in the late XIX - early XX centuries played an important role in the formation of Ukrainian graphic art and design.

Item Type: Article
Uncontrolled Keywords: caricature; cartoon; illustration; satirical edition; Lviv
Subjects: Статті у наукометричних базах > Index Copernicus
Статті у журналах > Фахові (входять до переліку фахових, затверджений МОН)
Divisions: Інститути > Інститут мистецтв > Кафедра образотворчого мистецтва
Depositing User: віктор вадимович михалевич
Date Deposited: 19 Nov 2020 06:49
Last Modified: 19 Nov 2020 06:49
URI: https://elibrary.kubg.edu.ua/id/eprint/32739

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