Neopatriarchal project of the nationalist press of the 1920s -1930s

Хамедова, Ольга Анатоліївна (2019) Neopatriarchal project of the nationalist press of the 1920s -1930s Наукові записки Інституту журналістики, 2 (75). pp. 122-134. ISSN 2522-1272

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Abstract

The article focuses on the problem of interaction between ideology and gender in the Ukrainian press of the 1920s-1930s. The object of the study is the nationalist magazines of the twentieth century. The chosen research methodology is the synthesis of a critical discursive-analytical approach with feminist critique, which allows you to analyze texts in the coordinates of "domination / subordination." The main objective of the study is to find out the technologies of the dissemination of discursive power and the design of gender models, taking into account the ideological vector of the periodical. Study results. Nationalist magazines consistently restored patriarchal values ​​in Western Ukrainian society on the verge of 1920-1930's. Journalists constructed an idea of ​​militaristic masculinity as normative and use the following technologies: modeling a warrior's image through comparison with a foreign model of normative masculinity, the narratives of dangerous actions and the martyrdom of nationalist heroes, popularization of sport and physical hardness for the training of the younger generation for the upcoming liberation war. The nationalists tried to challenge the achievements of the Ukrainian feminist movement, in particular the "Soyuz Ukrayinok", conducted fierce ideological discussions with the leadership of this organization on the pages of their press. The woman was seen as a resource in the underground struggle against the invaders and the upcoming national liberation war, however, there were extremely few materials in which the heroines (actants) were women. The heroine in nationalist magazines was endowed with three functions: biological, symbolic and ideological. In those materials, which still reported women - members of militant groups, military or political actions, their contribution was diminished, silent. Сonclusions. The patriarchal myth was updated on the pages of the nationalist press of 1920-1930. The patriarchal structure of society, according to nationalists, best served the ideological task of preparing Ukrainians for a long national liberation struggle. Significance. Understanding the mechanisms of interaction between ideology and gender gives an idea of ​​the interconnections within the power-media society paradigm, which is one of the most significant issues of modern media study.

Item Type: Article
Uncontrolled Keywords: ideology; discourse; nationalism; feminism; patriarchy.
Subjects: Статті у наукометричних базах > Erih Plus
Статті у журналах > Фахові (входять до переліку фахових, затверджений МОН)
Divisions: Інститути > Інститут журналістики > Кафедра журналістики та нових медіа
Depositing User: доцент Ольга Анатоліївна Хамедова
Date Deposited: 26 Nov 2020 12:20
Last Modified: 26 Nov 2020 12:20
URI: https://elibrary.kubg.edu.ua/id/eprint/33000

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