Genesis of professional requirements for educators in the process of training at the turn of the XIX–XX centuries

Венгловська, Олена Анатоліївна and Антипін, Євген Борисович (2020) Genesis of professional requirements for educators in the process of training at the turn of the XIX–XX centuries Колективна (три і більше авторів). Integration of traditional and innovative scientific researches: global trends and regional aspect: collective monograph. Publishing House “Baltija Publishing”, Riga, Latvia.

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Abstract

The genesis of professional requirements for the training of educators of preschool children at the turn of the XIX–XX centuries is represented in the historical and pedagogical research. The design of the study is based on a solid source base (published and unpublished materials from the archives, monographs, dissertations, manuals, scientifc publications, articles). Sources are systematized by groups according to system and problem approaches. Achieving the goal of scientifc research was carried out using a set of interrelated research methods: search and bibliographic, theoretical analysis, synthesis, systematization, classifcation, historicalretrospective, constructive-genetic, semantic-methodological, chronological, hermeneutic. According to the results of studies, the formation of requirements or professional training of educators within certain chronological limits was influenced by public fgures, statesmen, teachers, associates, the level of industrial development, which determined the need to build a network of kindergartens, and therefore needed qualifed educators who were to provide education for preschool children. It was found that most educators who worked in private and public kindergartens improved their professional qualities in the process of practical activities. They received signifcant support for professional development from representatives of social and pedagogical societies, which in a certain period took care of the training of educators for kindergartens. The main center where the image of the educator was formed was the Kyiv Froebel Pedagogical Institute. It is proved that the training of specialists in this institute was focused on the formation of general cultural, personal and professional level of educators. The students mastered the content of academic disciplines, which served to form a knowledge component in professional training. The practice-oriented component was important, which was focused on the formation of practical skills and abilities to implement in the practice of kindergartens progressive ideas of P. Lesgaft, J. Pestalozzi, M. Montessori, F. Froebel, the implementation of child-centered, activity-based approaches in raising children. It was found that in the frst decades of the twentieth century, professional training of educators was carried out on a national basis. It was found that the genesis of the studied phenomenon was influenced by pedagogical thought. The study highlights the views of teachers on the formation of professional requirements in the training of educators. According to the results of processing primary sources, it was found that in the legacy of B. Grinchenko, O. Doroshenko, N. Lubenets, T. Lubents, S. Rusova, J. Chepiga, attention is focused on the knowledge, skills and abilities that teachers must master during training. It was investigated that teachers were unanimous in the opinion that future educators should be bearers of common cultural values. They must realize that the period of childhood is a period of formation and development of the child’s personality. Therefore, in building an educational environment, it is important to study the child, to be able to adapt the content, forms and methods of developmental activities in accordance with the nature of the child. The ideas of teachers represented in the study are consistent with modern approaches to training, and therefore are of both theoretical and practical interest.

Item Type: Monograph (Колективна (три і більше авторів))
Uncontrolled Keywords: підготовка вихователів; дитячий садок; педагогічні осередки;
Subjects: Монографії > Видані за кордоном (окрім країн СНД)
Divisions: Інститути > Педагогічний інститут > Кафедра педагогіки і психології
Depositing User: Кафедра педагогіки та психології
Date Deposited: 22 Dec 2020 07:46
Last Modified: 22 Dec 2020 07:46
URI: https://elibrary.kubg.edu.ua/id/eprint/33746

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