Historical and political component of the literary works of Christinе de Pizan in contemporary historiography

Санжарова, Галина Федорівна and Санжаров, Валерій Анатолійович (2020) Historical and political component of the literary works of Christinе de Pizan in contemporary historiography Закарпатські філологічні студії, 2 (14). pp. 234-239. ISSN 2524-0390

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Abstract

The article is devoted to the analysis of the contribution of Christine de Pisan in development of the conception of a special role and powers of royal authority and special attitudes of king and people. Central to Christine’s understanding of the art of government is that it should be directed toward the common good and be guided by wisdom and the virtue she calls “prudence”, the word used by French medieval authors to translate Aristotle’s “phronesis”. The Christina's books are structured as an account of the nature of political prudence. Platonism and Christianity found in Boethius and Augustine, forms the background to what one might call Christine’s political epistemology, her treatment of political wisdom as a branch of theology. For Christine, knowledge of how to govern well is inseparable from an understanding of God’s nature. In the “Livre de paix” Christine offers a utopian vision of an intelligent, just ruler, able to take the advice of those who are older and wiser, hard working, peace loving, clement, and at the same time firm in dispensing justice. Despite the lamentable political situation of her time, she never gives up her optimism that peace and justice are possible on earth as well as in heaven. Christine paraphrases Dante’s argument that in order to put an end to the greed that causes war and dissension, the world needs a single universal monarch who will reign in justice. The paper considers main qualities offered by Christine as a new ideal of sovereign. One does not find in her writings a clear statement either of absolutism or of the existence of “bridles” on the king’s power. She never invokes the right of parliament or even the Royal Council to impose its advice on the king. The prudence she is advocating for women is the same Aristotelian phronesis that forms the basis of a prince’s practical activity.Thus Christine developed what might be called an image of an androgynous ideal of monarchy.

Item Type: Article
Uncontrolled Keywords: Christine de Pisan; wisdom; phronesis; prudence; epistemology; monarch; justice; misogyny; androgynous ideal of monarchy
Subjects: Статті у наукометричних базах > Index Copernicus
Статті у журналах > Фахові (входять до переліку фахових, затверджений МОН)
Статті у журналах > Наукові (входять до інших наукометричних баз, крім перерахованих, мають ISSN, DOI, індекс цитування)
Divisions: Інститути > Інститут філології > Кафедра романської філології та порівняльно-типологічного мовознавства
Depositing User: Галина Федорівна Санжарова
Date Deposited: 21 Dec 2020 07:56
Last Modified: 21 Dec 2020 07:56
URI: https://elibrary.kubg.edu.ua/id/eprint/33814

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