Representation of the predicates of emotional and mental state in old germanic languages

Шапочкіна, Ольга Володимирівна (2018) Representation of the predicates of emotional and mental state in old germanic languages Актуальні питання гуманітарних наук : міжвузівський збірник наукових праць молодих вчених Дро- гобицького державного педагогічного університету імені Івана Франка, 3 (20). pp. 88-92. ISSN 2308-4863

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Abstract

The article presents the predicates of emotional and mental state on the example of Old Germanic languages: Old English, Old Saxon, Old Islandic and Gothic. Predicates of the emotional and mental state in the Old Germanic languages had a heterogeneous semantic essence. The semantic structure of predicates of this type is the most ambiguous of all categories. The semantic qualities of morphological units are determined not only by their stylistic features, but also by various kinds of semantic shades and qualities. Predicates of emotional and mental influence in Old Germanic texts are mostly verbs, rarely adverbs, adjectives or adverbs, which refer to the actions that the agent reveals in relation to the patient different emotions and feelings. To classify the semantic types of predicates of emotional and mental status, the author distributes the ancient German predicates on: predicates of feeling; predicates of emotional and mental influence and emotional predicates. After revealing the situateme representation of the predicates of the emotional state in the Old Germanic languages, we discovered the following groups of situateme of state: the polar situatemes of Love/Hate, which were divided into such states as "Love/Hate", "All-embracing attitude", "Divine love"; situatemes with predicates of emotional and psychological influence, described by such states as: "Prayer", "Guidance", "Fear", "Coercion", "Warning", "Threat", "Prosecution"; situatemes with their own emotional predicates that characterized the following situations of state: "Poverty cry", "Crying of the defeated", "Sorrow", "Laughter", "Malevolency", "Dolour", "Joy", "Preference", "Revenge", "Jealousy", "Hostility", "Evil", "Abuse", "Objurgation"; situatemes reflecting the mental state of a subject (being): "Excitement", "Sadness", "Pride", "Pain of Loss", "Passion", "Evil", etc. The analysis of the buildings of the ancient Germanic linguistic monuments proved that the predicates of the emotional and mental state were used primarily for the transmission of the sensory state being caused by a certain influence of the surrounding world.

Item Type: Article
Uncontrolled Keywords: predicate of state; situateme of state; pre-categorical structure of state; category of state; Old Germanic languages
Subjects: Статті у наукометричних базах > Index Copernicus
Статті у журналах > Збірники наукових праць
Divisions: Інститути > Інститут філології > Кафедра германської філології
Depositing User: Богдан Ігорович Грицеляк
Date Deposited: 08 Jul 2021 10:19
Last Modified: 08 Jul 2021 10:19
URI: https://elibrary.kubg.edu.ua/id/eprint/36859

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