The Book Movement at the Ukrainian Prisoners’ of War Freistadt Camp (Austro-Hungary) in 1915-1918

Срібняк, Ігор Володимирович and Палієнко, Марина Ганнадіївна (2021) The Book Movement at the Ukrainian Prisoners’ of War Freistadt Camp (Austro-Hungary) in 1915-1918 Рукописна та книжкова спадщина України: археографічні дослідження унікальних архівних та бібліотечних фондів (27). pp. 181-192. ISSN 2222-4203

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The aim of the research. The article reconstructed the dynamics of the book movement at the Ukrainian prisoners’ of war (POWs) Freistadt camp (Austro-Hungary) during the First World War, as well as identified its influence on the formation of internees’ national self-consciousness. The research methodology includes the application of problem-oriented, chronological, historical, comparative, and retrospective research methods, the combination of which allows to provide fundamental insights into the peculiarities of the book movement development at Freistadt camp. The scientific novelty lies in recognizing the contribution of the Union for the Liberation of Ukraine (ULU) to the organizational process of the book movement at Freistadt camp, determining the sources of the camp library maintenance as well as defining the ULU’s role in the Ukrainian camp community life. Conclusions. The article determined that Ukrainian books played a crucial role in the mission of Ukrainian POWs’ national self-consciousness formation at Freistadt camp. Hence, books effectively ‘accompanied’ the educational activity at the camp, as POWs could deepen their acquired knowledge from educational courses by reading borrowed library books related to various sciences. Moreover, the library successfully performed informational functions, creating favorable conditions for POWs to get news in athenaeum to which fresh newspapers were regularly delivered. Thanks to the availability of prominent Ukrainian writers’, poets’, scholars’ and publicists’ writings at the Freistadt camp library, it empowered Ukrainian POWs to discover ‘new worlds’, enabling each educated internee to create his own image of Ukraine through self-education. By these means, Ukrainian prisoners of war became engaged in the active participation in the life of the Ukrainian camp community in Freistadt, being prepared well enough to rise in defense of their homeland during the Ukrainian War of Independence in 1917-1920.

Item Type: Article
Uncontrolled Keywords: Ukrainian prisoners of war; camp; library; athenaeum; book; Freistadt; Austro-Hungary
Subjects: Статті у наукометричних базах > Index Copernicus
Статті у наукометричних базах > Web of Science
Статті у журналах > Фахові (входять до переліку фахових, затверджений МОН)
Divisions: Факультет суспільно-гуманітарних наук > Кафедра всесвітньої історії
Depositing User: професор Ігор Володимирович Срібняк
Date Deposited: 10 Sep 2021 07:22
Last Modified: 30 Nov 2021 11:35

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