Diagnostics of the Parameters of the Syllaborhythmic Speech Structure in Pre-School Children with Complex Disoders

Бабич, Наталія Миколаїівна and Тичина, Катерина Олександрівна (2021) Diagnostics of the Parameters of the Syllaborhythmic Speech Structure in Pre-School Children with Complex Disoders Educatio Nova (6). pp. 359-376. ISSN 2451-0491

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Abstract

A child’s language development is one of the main factors of the personal formation. The level of personal development determines the formation of social and cognitive skills in children. Speech development disorders, in particular mastering of syntagmatic constructions with different structural complexity, complicates children’s communication with peers and adults and impedes written language development. The purpose of this study is to examine the basic parameters of the compositional rhythmic speech structure (movement, rhythm and space) and to determine its development level in preschool children with multiple disabilities (disabilities in sensory, motor and speech systems). In order to examine these parameters a special technique consisting of four diagnostic units ("Rhythmic movement", "Rhythmic space", "Rhythmic pronunciation" and "Complex rhythm of speech") was developed. First, an empirical study for each diagnostic unit was conducted, and the findings suggested that majority of preschool children with sensory, motor and speech disorders have underveloped compositional structure of speech, which requires further targeted interventions. The study found that preschool children with multiple disabilities have a reduced ability to pronounce words with different structural complexity, impaired perception of lexical units and a disturbed ability to perform dynamic and rhythmic serial movements, which indicates an insufficient level of motor, rhythmic and spatial skills development. Then, a correlation analysis was performed, the results of which indicate that the diagnostic units – "Rhythmic movement", "Rhythmic space", "Rhythmic pronunciation" – are inextricably linked. When the skills assessed by the above-mentioned diagnostic units are developed, the skills, assessed by the "Complex rhythm of speech" diagnostic unit can begin their development as well. Determination of the child’s functioning level in each diagnostic unit will allow describing the effective strategies to influence parameters of compositional rhythmic speech in children with multiple disabilities based on potential capabilities and their maximal implementation in the speech therapy process.

Item Type: Article
Uncontrolled Keywords: compositional rhythmic speech structure; syntagmatic constructions; motor speech organization; rhythm of speech; spatial speech organization; children with multiple disabilities; speech disorders
Subjects: Статті у наукометричних базах > Erih Plus
Divisions: Факультет психології, соціальної роботи та спеціальної освіти > Кафедра спеціальної та інклюзивної освіти
Depositing User: Наталія Миколаївна Бабич
Date Deposited: 27 Sep 2021 06:12
Last Modified: 27 Sep 2021 06:12
URI: https://elibrary.kubg.edu.ua/id/eprint/37195

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