Features of Personal аnd Group Basic Needs of Psychology Students

Миколенко, Наталія Валеріївна (2021) Features of Personal аnd Group Basic Needs of Psychology Students Проблеми сучасної психології (1(20)). pp. 119-126. ISSN 2310-4368

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Abstract

The article provides findings of the study of the relevance of basic needs of psychology students who are about to complete a Bachelor’s program. The author analyses the available studies, the object of which is the analysis of HEI students, concludes about their fragmentary nature and a lack of papers devoted to the motivation of psychology students. It is substantiated the importance of elucidating a system of students’ needs to ensure the best conditions for their personal development and professional training, formation of their readiness for future professional activity. The author has found out the term “basic needs” is vague. The research is based on the classification of basic needs according to A. Maslow. Diagnostic tools have consisted of methodology “Needs” (a method of pair comparisons) by V.V. Skvortsov; Student’s t-test for a statistical processing of findings, and cluster analysis. A sample has involved 60 undergraduate students of the specialty “Psychology” (30 intramural students and 30 extramural students). It is established that a predominant group of needs of undergraduate psychology students includes a self-actualization need, and the least relevant one is a safety need. The author has identified the least satisfied (self-realization needs) and the most satisfied (social inter-personal) student needs. There has been a comparison of the intramural and extramural students; it has resulted in the conclusion about a comparatively higher manifestation of the self-actualization needs of extramural students and a higher manifestation of the safety needs of intramural students. Using cluster analysis, the author has distinguished three clusters of study participants – the biggest of them is students who have actual needs of the supreme level in the meaning of A. Maslow’s motivation theory. General recommendations for creating conditions for students’ self-actualization in the educational process have been formulated. The further prospects of the study of this problem involve reconsidering and re-standardizing methodology “Needs” by V.V. Skvortsov, conducting comparative studies, studying the features of an academic student group through the diagnostics of group needs.

Item Type: Article
Uncontrolled Keywords: need; motivation; professional training; basic needs; personal development; selfactualization
Subjects: Статті у журналах > Фахові (входять до переліку фахових, затверджений МОН)
Divisions: Інститути > Інститут людини > Кафедра практичної психології
Depositing User: Наталія Валеріївна Миколенко
Date Deposited: 02 Nov 2021 10:17
Last Modified: 02 Nov 2021 10:17
URI: https://elibrary.kubg.edu.ua/id/eprint/38020

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