Formation of transitional lexical-semantic variants of movement verbs

Лахно, Наталія Валентинівна (2021) Formation of transitional lexical-semantic variants of movement verbs Вчені записки Таврійського національного університету імені В.І.Вернадського. Серія "Філологія. Журналістика", 32(71) (3). pp. 27-31. ISSN

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The article analyzes the transition zone of the lexical-semantic field (LSF) “movement” with lexical-semantic variants (LSV), which are at the intersection of LSF “movement” with LSF “locativity”, “process” and “action”. The traffic pattern is repaid only partially оn the considered LSV. The studied LSV indicate the movement of substances in the human imagination. It is determined that the semanteme dominate in the area of intersection of the LSF “movement” with the LSf “process”. The group of secondary LSV “time course” is the most common. Transient LSV denote the presence of celestial bodies, which a person imagines as he sees – as if moving in the sky, with the meaning “substances are in the process of imaginary movement from one point to another” and with the semantics of “propagation”. Secondary LSV with the “spread” archetype are the basis for the formation of the meaning of “the flow of thoughts associated with the imaginary movement of substances”. Transitional LSV with the “locativity” archetype have the meaning “to be, to be located” and indicate the location of elongated objects in space. The meaning of “locality” is fixed mainly in the semantic structure of pair and unpaired verbs of unidirectional movement of the subject. Only a few LSV verbs “to swing” were placed at the intersection of LSF “movements” and “actions”. The seme “direction of movement” is one of the main factors that causes differences in the development of verbs of different groups. Verbs of multidirectional movement do not develop meanings with motivation of orientation: locative, “the passage of time”, “the existence of objects in the process of movement”. Unpaired verbs, which are not correlated with pair verbs, combine in their nuclear meanings the idea of directed and multidirectional motion. Therefore, the types of polysemantic in different groups of pair verbs of motion are distinguished in the semantic structure of unpaired verbs.

Item Type: Article
Uncontrolled Keywords: lexical-semantic field; pair and unpaired verbs of movement; process; action, locality
Subjects: Статті у наукометричних базах > Index Copernicus
Статті у журналах > Фахові (входять до переліку фахових, затверджений МОН)
Divisions: Це архівні підрозділи > Кафедра української мови
Depositing User: доцент Н.В. Лахно
Date Deposited: 11 Nov 2021 09:28
Last Modified: 11 Nov 2021 09:28

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