Spotting fake in the news: an easy task?

Цапро, Галина Юріївна and Грищенко, Олена Володимирівна (2021) Spotting fake in the news: an easy task? Філологічний часопис (2 (18)). pp. 6-14. ISSN 2415-8828

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Abstract

Fake news is a widespread element of the nowadays news websites. The research focuses on students’ abilities to detect fake news stories. Respondents were asked to read two texts, a fake one and a real one in order to determine the type of the given texts and answer the following questions: 1. What do you do to recognize fake news? 2. What exactly in the text indicates its fake origin? Give examples from the text. The experiment involved 90 students, who were divided into three groups of 30 participants in each. Answering the first question, the respondents described their strategies which help them to detect fake information: 1) they carefully read the text, 2) analyze what is read, 3) rely on common sense, 4) check facts, names, sources of information, 5) analyze photos / videos that accompany the news pieces. 72% of all respondents successfully identified fake texts. The first two groups of students recognized the fake text, with results of 82% and 79%, respectively. Students believe that among linguistic features that contribute to creating fake news texts there is repetition of lexemes, illogical structure of narration, exaggeration, confusing numbers. It was also pointed out that photos do not illustrate information given in fake texts. However, in the third group, only 55% indicated the fake post. The students from this group, identifying the true text as fake news, pointed out that there is an inappropriate use of a metaphor in the heading of the article about a Coca-Cola truck accident, describing the event as “the destruction of the holidays”. 47% of these students, emphasizing the falsity of the information given, mentioned the different hours presented in the article and the condition of the driver, from "uninjured" to "slightly injured." It should be said that these respondents did not pay attention to the fact that the article provides information about two accidents that occurred on this route under one heading, which in its turn affected the perception of news and made it difficult to identify true and fabricated news texts.

Item Type: Article
Uncontrolled Keywords: fake; fake news; media discourse; empirical methodology; text analysis
Subjects: Статті у журналах > Наукові (входять до інших наукометричних баз, крім перерахованих, мають ISSN, DOI, індекс цитування)
Divisions: Факультет романо-германської філології > Кафедра англійської мови та комунікації
Depositing User: доцент Галина Юріївна Цапро
Date Deposited: 09 Dec 2021 14:13
Last Modified: 09 Dec 2021 14:13
URI: https://elibrary.kubg.edu.ua/id/eprint/39478

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