Physical education of children and adolescents with special needs in Ukraine

Ivashchenko, Sergii (2021) Physical education of children and adolescents with special needs in Ukraine Колективна (три і більше авторів). Physical Education and Sport for Children and Youth with Special Needs Researches – Best Practices – Situation: monograph. Slovak Scientific Society for Physical Education and Sport and FIEP, Bratislava.

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Over the past decades, unfortunately, there has been an unfavourable trend towards a gradual increase in the number of children and adolescents with special needs both in Ukraine and in other countries of the world. But the Ukrainian government cares about the health of all citizens; therefore, it is favourable conditions for optimizing the physical development of children with various somatic diseases and congenital malformations.For the purpose of the health status of young people with limitations in physical correctional development, special programs of physical training were scientifically substantiated and developed, which are advisable to apply in conditions of mandatory continuous medical supervision. Several models of physical education of children and adolescents are used in state institutions of Ukraine.The most popular and widespread model of such work is the conduct of physical culture and recreational activities with this contingent of people in the conditions of medical groups. The main objective of the study was to assess the effectiveness of physical education for people with special needs in medical groups. A comparative assessment of the effectiveness of this process was carried out in relation to a similar contingent of respondents, but subject to their independent physical education at home.To carry out the tasks of this study, from a large number of children and adolescents studying in state educational institutions of Kiev, those persons were selected who had special needs in connection with their state of health. The total number of participants in the study was 248 people (126 boys and 122 girls). All study participants were divided into two groups according to the characteristics of the comparability of age, anthropometric data and other indicators. The first (main) group included adolescents who were engaged in physical education in medical groups. The second (control) group included those adolescents who were engaged in physical education on their own at home. The observation lasted two years from 2018 to 2020.The indicators of physical development of all study participants are assessed twice: at the beginning and at the end of the observation period.The results showed that among adolescents who were engaged in physical training as part of special medical groups, the progression of physical development was more pronounced than among adolescents who were engaged in physical training on their own.

Item Type: Monograph (Колективна (три і більше авторів))
Uncontrolled Keywords: state educational institutions; persons with special needs; special medical groups; physical education process
Subjects: Монографії > Видані за кордоном (окрім країн СНД)
Divisions: Факультет здоров’я, фізичного виховання і спорту > Кафедра фізичної терапії та ерготерапії
Depositing User: професор Сергій Миколайович Іващенко
Date Deposited: 13 Dec 2021 13:15
Last Modified: 13 Dec 2021 13:15

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