Features of psychological adaptation to school of first-graders with speechdisordersin inclusive educational environment

Таран, Оксана Петрівна and Саліонович, Маргарита Олексіївна (2021) Features of psychological adaptation to school of first-graders with speechdisordersin inclusive educational environment Науковий журнал Хортицької національної академії (1(4)). pp. 144-153. ISSN 2709-8214

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Abstract

The article deals with the problem ofpsychological adaptation toschool of first-graderswith speech disorders ininclusive educational environment. The article outlines the essence of the concepts of adaptation to school, which is understood as the adaptation of children to a modified system of requirements, norms and rules associated with the implementation of educational activities. It is determined by readiness to accept the role of a pupil, the formation of a positive attitude to school studies and a sense of emotional comfort in a new social space. The problem of disadaptation to school is determined;it is caused by a number of factors: internal (school readiness, peculiarities of psychophysical development, brain dysfunction, etc.) and external (irrational organization of learning, inconsistency of teaching methods and technologies with the age and functionality of children, etc.). The article substantiates the relevance of encouraging children with speech disorders to participate in inclusive learning in order to socialize them.The authors present the results of the empirical study according to which the personal, socio-psychological and psychophysiological aspects of the psychological adaptation of first grade pupils with speech disorders are formed at an insufficient level. Insufficient adaptability to schoolof this category of children happensdue to personal immaturity, predominance of the game motive and insufficient acceptance of the role of a school student. Insufficient adaptation to the psychophysical aspect confirms the presence of pupils with speech disorders of endogenous factors, which cause their difficulties in learning, in particular neurological disorders manifested in rapid fatigue, difficulties to concentrate andslowing in the pace of processing educational material.That is, speech disorders are a destabilizing factor in the process of psychological adaptation of children to school. Accordingto the results of the survey carried out byspecialists of the support team the authors found insufficient level of professional competence in relation to the psychological adaptation of first-graderswith speech disorders to school ininclusive environment. Thus, the great majority of specialists need help in increasing their professional competence in relation to the specified problems in the format of seminars, trainings and webinars

Item Type: Article
Uncontrolled Keywords: educational process; disadaptation; psychological adaptation to school; special educational needs; speech disorders; inclusive educational environment; psychological and pedagogical support; competence of specialists; aspects of adaptation of first-graders to school (personal, socio-psychological, psychophysiological)
Subjects: Статті у наукометричних базах > Index Copernicus
Статті у журналах > Фахові (входять до переліку фахових, затверджений МОН)
Divisions: Факультет психології, соціальної роботи та спеціальної освіти > Кафедра спеціальної та інклюзивної освіти
Depositing User: Доцент Оксана Петрівна Таран
Date Deposited: 18 Feb 2022 08:01
Last Modified: 18 Feb 2022 08:01
URI: https://elibrary.kubg.edu.ua/id/eprint/40788

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