Formation of Moral Self-Consciousness in Adolescents in the Process of Psychological Counselling

Alieksieieva, Iuliia and Bihun, Nelia and Chukhrii, Inna and Honcharovska, Наlyna and Kalishchuk, Svitlana and Otych, Dariia (2022) Formation of Moral Self-Consciousness in Adolescents in the Process of Psychological Counselling BRAIN. Broad Research in Artificial Intelligence and Neuroscience, 13 (1). pp. 207-219. ISSN 2068-0473; 2067-3957

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Abstract

The article reveals issues related to formation of moral self-awareness in the process of psychological counselling. The meaning of the concepts: “consciousness”, “moral”, “moral self-awareness”, “counselling”, “psychology”, “psychological counselling” is clarified. A classification of psychological counselling is presented. A review of literature by domestic and foreign researchers on fostering moral selfawareness in adolescents is made. It is investigated that the American psychologist Hall (1904) first covered the issue of formation of moral self-consciousness in adolescents. It is determined that the functions of moral self-consciousness include self-control, self-perception, selfapproval, self-understanding, self-improvement. It is found that scientists distinguish 2 types of self-awareness: subjective and objective. It is emphasized that self-awareness is the ability to clearly and realistically evaluate one’s behavior. The moral self-consciousness of adolescents with high, medium and low levels of self-esteem is considered. In addition, emphasis is placed on the fact that moral traits are the factors that shape a person. It has been found that moral self-awareness is based on the following factors: cognitive, emotional and behavioral. It is noted that the ability to communicate plays an important role in formation of moral self-awareness. The signs that prompt a teenager think about visiting a psychologist have been identified. It is proved that knowledge about one’s strengths in moral self-awareness helps adolescents to form their own moral wellbeing. It is found that conducting simulation games by a psychologist during a group training allows a specialist to determine the level of moral self-awareness of an adolescent, as well as to form strong moral virtues. It is proved that a game helps to conduct an effective psychological counselling, because a child feels comfortable, relaxed, openly shares thoughts and feelings. A remote form of psychological counseling is considered. It is emphasized that a psychologist works with a teenager, as well as with his/her parents. It was found that psychological counseling comprises a diagnostic and a therapeutic part.

Item Type: Article
Uncontrolled Keywords: Consciousness; moral; moral self-awareness; counselling; psychology; psychological counselling
Subjects: Статті у журналах > Наукові (входять до інших наукометричних баз, крім перерахованих, мають ISSN, DOI, індекс цитування)
Divisions: Інститути > Інститут людини > Кафедра психології особистості та соціальних практик
Depositing User: Доцент Світлана Миколаївна Каліщук
Date Deposited: 13 Apr 2022 15:59
Last Modified: 13 Apr 2022 15:59
URI: https://elibrary.kubg.edu.ua/id/eprint/40924

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