Organization of educational work by the General Staff of the Army of the Ukrainian People's Republic in the camps of interned Ukrainian soldiers in Poland, 1921

Срібняк, Ігор Володимирович (2022) Organization of educational work by the General Staff of the Army of the Ukrainian People's Republic in the camps of interned Ukrainian soldiers in Poland, 1921 Освітологічний дискурс, 36 (1). pp. 1-18. ISSN 2312-5829

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Abstract

The article highlights the specifics of the activities of the cultural and educational department (board) of the General Staff of the Army of the Ukrainian People's Republic, the activities of whose staff developed normative and instructive documents, that allowed to properly organize the work of divisional (camp) cultural and educational departments. It was established that the organization of general education of interned soldiers of the UPR Army in the camps was always marked by great difficulties, as a result of which the work of most camp educational courses and schools was irregular, but gave its positive signs. It was also very important that the general educational work in the camps was combined with a set of measures designed to strengthen the foundations of the military's conscious understanding of state needs and consistent defense of national ones – for which Ukrainian studies courses were organized in all parts of the UPR Army. One of the main achievements of educational work was the elimination (during 1921) of illiteracy among the Cossacks of the Army of the Ukrainian People's Republic, which was achieved through the daily efforts of the organizers in the camps. Members of public organizations of internees (student and senior communities) also contributed to the intensification of educational work in the camps. They considered it their patriotic duty to carry out such work.. However, it should be noted that the success of educational work in the camps was mostly due to the American charitable organization YMSA, which generously sponsored the vast majority of educational needs of campers. These contributions greatly enabled the work of various camp educational centers, which allowed internees to fill their camp existence with constructive content and adapt to the difficult conditions of stay in exile. The most important thing was that it created favorable opportunities for the campers to continue their education, as well as made it easier for them to master one or more civilian specialties – which ultimately greatly facilitated the employment process after the liquidation of the camps.

Item Type: Article
Uncontrolled Keywords: interned Ukrainian soldiers; camp; education; school4 General Staff; Army of the Ukrainian People's Republic; Poland
Subjects: Статті у наукометричних базах > Erih Plus
Статті у наукометричних базах > Index Copernicus
Статті у журналах > Фахові (входять до переліку фахових, затверджений МОН)
Divisions: Факультети > Історико-філософський факультет > Кафедра всесвітньої історії
Depositing User: професор Ігор Володимирович Срібняк
Date Deposited: 11 May 2022 16:35
Last Modified: 11 May 2022 16:35
URI: https://elibrary.kubg.edu.ua/id/eprint/41058

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